Gaia hypothesis

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Related to Gaia Theory: deep ecology

Gai·a hypothesis

 (gī′ə)
n.
1. A hypothesis stating that Earth's biota constitute a single interconnected system that affects or determines the physical and chemical conditions within the biosphere, including such conditions as global temperatures, the composition of the atmosphere, and the salinity of seawater.
2. Any of various related hypotheses stating that this system is self-regulating, as through feedback loops, or that it constitutes a living organism, in either case acting to maintain stable conditions that are optimal for the continuation of life.

[After Gaia, used by British scientist and environmentalist James Lovelock (born 1919) to refer to the totality of Earth's biota as a superorganism.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

Gaia hypothesis

(ˈɡaɪə) or

Gaia theory

n
(Biology) the theory that the earth and everything on it constitutes a single self-regulating living entity
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

Gai′a hypoth`esis

(ˈgeɪ ə)
n.
a model of the earth as a self-regulating organism, advanced as an alternative to a mechanistic model.
[1970–75; < Greek gaîa earth; see Gaea]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

Gaia hypothesis

A theory that the biosphere acts as a selfsustaining, self-regulating organism. British scientist James Lovelock named it after a Greek Earth goddess.
Dictionary of Unfamiliar Words by Diagram Group Copyright © 2008 by Diagram Visual Information Limited
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References in periodicals archive ?
In her thought, Jesus is a chapter of the Gaia theory, which may stress the organic connection of every molecule in the cosmos.
The three movement suite Gaia Theory is only 20 minutes but more substantial, inspired by environmentalist James Lovelock's idea of Earth as a self-regulating mechanism.
Contrary to the Gaia theory, which suggests the Earth has a self-righting tendency, he says the feedbacks could push the planet to a more extreme state.
Over two years before the first national Earth Day, before"ecology" and"the environment" became catchwords of the '70s, before popular knowledge of"Gaia theory" and"systems thinking," King was tying his vision of justice and peace to the interrelated structure of the universe.
It is heavily influenced by the Gaia theory, originally put forward by inventor James Lovelock, which states that the Earth can be seen as a single organism.
Viewers would gain more perspective on Gaia if the film illuminated the differences between the scientific aspects of Gaia theory and the concept of Gaia as a living being.
Along our journey we ask whether Gaia theory can by extended beyond an earthly arena, whether science and religion are really incompatible and how do paranormal experiences, such as clairvoyance, actually arise.
It describes the fundamental concepts in Triple Bottom Line reporting and best reporting practices used in social and environmental decision making, a social and environmental approach to accounting, European and international social and environmental reporting standards, costs and externalities in the context of social and environmental crises, models for measuring and reporting green performance, the role of environmental audit in an integrated audit system, sustainable development from an adaptive management perspective, risk management in green corporate strategies, corporate reporting, the fractal approach in sustainability modeling, the use of GAIA theory for sustainability, and social and environmental accounting in emerging countries.
This is a geoengineering idea proposed by James Lovelock, the father of Gaia Theory, in which the dampening of wave action is used to drive a pumping motion of deep, cold, nutrient rich water below the thermocline up to the surface.
You said at one point that the germ of the Gaia theory was your realization that the Earth had "an atmosphere that was wildly anomalous, and a strange, wonderful and beautiful anomaly that sort of shouted a song of life right across the solar system, right out into the galaxy." I want to take you right back to that beginning of when you began to suspect that the Earth as a whole could be seen as an organism.
As much as he praised Vernadskij's insights many years later, Lovelock said "I defy you to find, anywhere in Vernadskij's writings, a clear statement of the importance of feedbacks involving life in maintaining conditions suitable for life on Earth"--namely the key concept of Gaia Theory (Gribbin, 2009: 1004).
Gaia Theory has helped bridge huge schisms between disciplines within science, but by virtue of its mythology-inspired name, it hearkens to the deep connections between the human mind and Earth's living system.