Depending on the chemical class, sulfated galactans
(Rhodophyta) (Kloareg & Quatrano, 1988; Mourao, 2015), fucans or fucoidan (Ochrophyta) (Athukorala, Jung, Vasanthan, & Jeon, 2006) and sulfated heteropolysaccharides (Chlorophyta) (Wang, Wang, Wu & Liu, 2014) are the main polymeric identities of the SPs playing regulatory roles of the algae (Kloareg & Quatrano, 1988).
The total carbohydrate fraction termed holocellulose (cellulose plus hemicellulose), involves the cellulose fraction; whereas, other sugars (xylans, galactans
, mannans and arabinans) represent the hemicellulose fraction (KLOCK et al.
V, respectively); however, the correlation was too low to galactans
Oligosaccharides = Fructans in wheat, onions, and garlic; galactans
in legumes (beans)
Oligo: Fructans in wheat, onions,and garlic; galactans
2012; Chang, Lur, Lu, & Cheng, 2013), sulfated galactans
(mainly carrageenan and agar) (Rhodophyceae) (Estevez et al.
The low-FODMAP diet involves avoiding or limiting foods high in fructose (such as honey and dried fruit), lactose (dairy), fructans (wheat, garlic, and onions), galactans
(legumes), and polyols (apples and stone fruits).
Comments: Rich in galactans
from Hypnea musciformis algae, Deglysome protects the skin from deleterious damages caused by cellular and tissular glycation.
The galactose rich polysaccharides of red algae, also called as galactans
, consist of carrageenans and agarans.
They include lactose (found in milk, ice cream and cheese), fructose (found in apples, cherries, mangoes, watermelon and pears), fructans (found in wheat, rye, barley, garlic and onions), sugar alcohols (found in many sugar substitutes in processed foods) and galactans
(found in most beans).
Among these short-chain carbohydrates are such common dietary components as fructose, lactose, fructans (found in wheat), galactans
, and polyol sweeteners.
The short chain carbohydrates that constitute FODMaPs are fructose, lactose, fructans, galactans