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Related to Gallicanism: ultramontanism


A movement originating among the French Roman Catholic clergy that favored the restriction of papal control and the achievement by each nation of individual administrative autonomy.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(Roman Catholic Church) a movement among French Roman Catholic clergy that favoured the restriction of papal control and greater autonomy for the French church. Compare ultramontanism
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ˈgæl ɪ kəˌnɪz əm)

a movement or body of doctrines, chiefly associated with the Gallican Church, advocating restriction of papal authority. Compare ultramontanism.
[1855–60; < French]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.


the body of doctrines, chiefly associated with French dioceses, advocating the restriction of papal authority, especially in administrative matters. Cf. ultramontanism. — Gallican, n., adj.
See also: Catholicism
-Ologies & -Isms. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Gallicanism - a religious movement originating among the French Roman Catholic clergy that favored the restriction of papal control and the achievement by each nation of individual administrative autonomy of the church
religious movement - a movement intended to bring about religious reforms
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Gallicanism, rationalism and liberalism were condemned (Siebenrock 2005, 147).
smidT, Bourbon Regalism and the Importation of Gallicanism: the Political Path for a State Religion in Eighteenth-Century Spain, en Anuario de Historia de la Iglesia, 19 (2010), pp.
They were divided into two groups: the Cisalpinists, who, like the supporters of French Gallicanism and Austrian Josephinism, promoted the idea of the independence of the national churches, and the Transalpinists, who defended papal infallibility and stressed clerical authority over the laity.
In her essay on Unigenitus (1713), the papal bull that condemned 101 propositions taken from the Jansenist theologian Pasquier Quesnel (1634-1719), Maire maintains that Jansenism was condemned on account of its association with Gallicanism. Jan Roegiers addresses the collection's theme at the outset of his essay on the political dimensions of Jansenism and anti-Jansenism.
Gallicanism, Erastianism, and related Conciliarist movements are also representative of this trend.
Among the other essays is one by Therese-Marie Jallais, who discovered the Wansleben manuscript, which takes up the affinities between Harrington's republicanism and other movements, such as Jansenism and Gallicanism. The fact that Harrington's ideas could be embraced by Catholics is an eye opener in the sense that Catholicism has often been identified with absolutism.
One local phenomenon interests Perreau-Saussine above all: the set of political and ecclesiastical arrangements known as Gallicanism. Looking at the development of political thought against the backdrop of Gallicanism leads Perreau-Saussine to a number of surprising and compelling conclusions.
As the ofspring of Renaissance liberalism, Gallicanism upheld French sovereignty against papal interventions into domestic political and religious affairs.
("Gallicanism," a term originating in France, came to refer to the State's intervention in appointments of bishops and other leaders, with the attendant dangers that, say, the Chinese Patriotic Church run by the Communist government displays today.) In any event, the advent of secular, democratic states in Europe raised the question of how the Church should relate to them and what the Church's nature should be in modern circumstances.