Gaol delivery


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(Law) See Jail delivery, under Jail.

See also: Gaol

References in periodicals archive ?
The case will now be referred up to the island's Court of General Gaol Delivery - the equivalent of the English crown court.
It is expected the case will be heard in the island's Court of General Gaol Delivery, which deals with the most serious crimes.
This remarkable tale, which is told with lucidity, rests on a careful exploration of archival and printed sources, mainly the voluminous plea and gaol delivery rolls.
It explores, rather, a number of instances in which defendants were able to avoid the fur rigours of trial at gaol delivery, not thanks to the acumen of royal justices, but on the basis of exceptions they put forward themselves in the course of their appearance in court.
The northern records of gaol delivery, like those from the other judicial circuits, suffer from large gaps resulting from the ravages of time and the vagaries of poor storage, but as a body they reflect a substantial portion of the work performed by the justices responsible for trying felonious offences in the century or so under consideration.(4) Altogether, the cases recorded there number 10,264 charges laid against 11,380 persons; they represent the business conducted at 416 separate sessions.
It should be clear from the outset that sessions of gaol delivery dealt almost exclusively with suspects who belonged to the lower ranks of English society.
The role of accessories and the pertinence of knowledge about the circumstances of a crime were matters about which legal theorists (notably Bracton) had written extensively,(12) and the application of their opinions to common law procedure had become customary in the late medieval period.(13) Several dozen northern suspects made use of these exceptions,(14) and while on occasion the justices ruled that they be remitted to prison while the records of earlier gaol delivery sessions or coroners' rolls mere tracked down for verification,(15) if accurate these pleas were universally accepted as legitimate.(16)
At gaol delivery sessions of 1355, for example, a Yorkshire milner taken for attempting to flee while on the road leading to the coast claimed that at the time of his abjuration he had been under age, and that he was even then of minor status.
More particularly, suspects sometimes queried the justices of gaol delivery about the nature of an offence alleged against them.
The loss of the northern gaol delivery records for all but the last years of Henry V's reign is unfortunate, for it renders impossible a precise assessment of the time within which the dissemination of this knowledge occurred.
At the gaol delivery sessions held in Newcastle in 1421 two men indicted as accessories prefaced their refusals to place themselves on the verdict of the country by reciting, virtually verbatim, the words of the Statute of Additional Information, then by arguing that the principal's indictment failed to include these minutiae.
It is likely that, given the large attendance at sessions of gaol delivery by curious bystanders, word of the legal standards required of indicting documents was passed around by such eye witnesses, and became part of a body of folk knowledge within a community.