The organization of adherens junctions and desmosomes at the cardiac intercalated disc is independent of gap junctions
cAMP as a meiosis inhibitor regulates oocyte cytoplasmic maturation and enhances the quality of the cytoplasm through gap junctions
of the surrounding cumulus cells and oocytes [8,20].
such as gap junctions
. Gap junction
channels of EE cells are composed of
When studied via gap junctions
, lactate is more rapidly discharged from cancer cells than protons, which are highly-buffered by a variety of intracellular bases .
In order to study the formation of functional gap junctions
, we used the microinjection of Lucifer yellow (LY), a fluorescent dye which diffuses among cells through GJs .
Many studies have revealed that myocytes and fibroblasts are functionally coupled by gap junctions
when fibrosis occurred and may interact and modify impulse conduction via two-way electronic signal [8-10].
Fujita et al., "Possible involvement of gap junctions
in the barrier function of tight junctions of brain and lung endothelial cells," Journal of Cellular Physiology, vol.
Lens cells in eye, accomplished intracellular communication via an immense network of gap junctions
formed by the structural proteins belongs to connexin family, to permit the trafficking of ions and small solutes of size C (pE368Q) (GenBank KY556641) point mutation that substitutes glutamic acid, at position 368 with glutamine in patient sample A14 (Fig.
Diverse gap junctions
are found between various retinal neurons, (40,41) and electrical transmission through gap junctions
serves various lateral interactions.
Rothery, "Remodelling of gap junctions
and connexin expression in diseased myocardium," Cardiovascular Research, vol.
The gap junctions
(GJs) are hemichannels, called connexons, each formed by six connexins.
In addition, published data have strongly supported a key role for GJIC in the first phase of myogenic differentiation, when myoblasts that are committed to differentiate then adhere and fuse, to form gap junctions
. These gap junctions
then allow the intercellular diffusion of critical signals, such as [Ca.sup.2+], inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate, and adenosine 5'-triphosphate .