valerian

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Related to Garden Valerian: Valeriana officinalis

Va·le·ri·an

 (və-lîr′ē-ən) Originally Publius Licinius Valerianus. Died c. ad 260.
Emperor of Rome (253-260) who, as coruler with his son Gallienus (c. 218-268), confronted invasions by the Goths and Persians. He was captured and killed by Persian forces (260).

va·le·ri·an

 (və-lîr′ē-ən)
n.
1. Any of several plants of the family Valerianaceae, especially Valeriana officinalis, native to Eurasia and widely cultivated for its small, fragrant, white to pink or lavender flowers and for use in medicine.
2. The dried rhizomes of Valeriana officinalis, used medicinally as a sedative.

[Middle English, from Old French valeriane, from Medieval Latin valeriāna, probably from feminine of Latin Valeriānus, of Valeria, Roman province where the plant originated.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

valerian

(vəˈlɛərɪən)
n
1. (Plants) Also called: allheal any of various Eurasian valerianaceous plants of the genus Valeriana, esp V. officinalis, having small white or pinkish flowers and a medicinal root
2. (Pharmacology) a sedative drug made from the dried roots of V. officinalis
[C14: via Old French from Medieval Latin valeriana (herba) (herb) of Valerius, unexplained Latin personal name]

Valerian

(vəˈlɛərɪən)
n
(Biography) Latin name Publius Licinius Valerianus. died 260 ad, Roman emperor (253–260): renewed persecution of the Christians; defeated by the Persians
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

va•le•ri•an

(vəˈlɪər i ən)

n.
1. any plant of the genus Valeriana, as the common valerian V. officinalis, having white, lavender, or pink flowers and a root that is used medicinally.
2. a drug consisting of or made from the root, formerly used as a nerve sedative and antispasmodic.
[1350–1400; Middle English valirian < Medieval Latin valeriāna]

Va•le•ri•an

(vəˈlɪər i ən)

n.
(Publius Licinius Valerianus), died A.D. c260, Roman emperor 253–60.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.valerian - a plant of the genus Valeriana having lobed or dissected leaves and cymose white or pink flowersvalerian - a plant of the genus Valeriana having lobed or dissected leaves and cymose white or pink flowers
flower - a plant cultivated for its blooms or blossoms
genus Valeriana, Valeriana - genus of widely distributed perennial herbs and some shrubs
common valerian, garden heliotrope, Valeriana officinalis - tall rhizomatous plant having very fragrant flowers and rhizomes used medicinally
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations
BaldrianBaldrianwurzel
길초근넓은잎쥐오줌풀발레리안서양쥐오줌풀쥐오줌풀
kozłek

valerian

[vəˈlɪərɪən] Nvaleriana f
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005

valerian

nBaldrian m
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007

valerian

[vəˈlɛərɪən] nvaleriana
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995

valerian

n (bot) valeriana
English-Spanish/Spanish-English Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2006 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
officinalis include garden valerian, common valerian, all heal, setall, and surviving from the Roman era, phu.