When Douglass moved away from the Garrisonian
rejection of politics, he took this lesson with him.
It is in the persistent and consistent application of the Garrisonian
middle-ground position that one finds the unity between the methodological and analytical substance and the witticisms that define Garrison's teaching and advice on how to survive as a slightly out-of-sync economist in the academic world.
Tomek offers evidence that the PCS shared some members with the Pennsylvania Abolition Society (PAS), which had acted strenuously to enforce and expand the powers of the gradual abolition act during the late eighteenth century but took a less vigorous role particularly in comparison with the stances of African American leaders in Philadelphia and the Garrisonian
Pennsylvania Anti-Slavery Society.
Lincoln was alert to the widening breakdown of constitutionalism, whether stemming from Calhoun's state-based nullifiers and secessionists, or the Garrisonian
abolitionists' antinomian exaltation of the individual conscience, or Douglas's granting free license to the popular will.
Rather, the Garrisonian
wing talked of "moral suasion"--convincing the slaveholder of the immorality of the act of slaveholding until the slaveholder felt a point of crisis; the slave-holder would thus emancipate his or her slaves in a Christian gesture of benevolence.
(2) Nasby's "Democratic" hatred of abolitionists can be seen in the "Psalm of Gladness" which alludes to several notable abolitionists including Wendell Phillips, the preeminent Garrisonian
orator, and to Gerrit Smith, who used the wealth he gained as a partner of John Jacob Astor to generously support the American Bible Society, the American Tract Society, and the American Sunday School Union.
This insight fuels DeLombard's explanation of Frederick Douglass's changing attitudes toward Garrisonian
abolitionism, which she traces to Douglass's refusal to remain merely a witness to slavery's wrongs and his expressed determination to "talk lawyerlike about law" (125).
In "Bitter Herbs and a Lock of Hair: Recollections of Africa in Slave Narratives of the Garrisonian
Era," Jermaine O.
His story traces the rise of political antislavery in Massachusetts, from Garrisonian
abstainers, through the formation of the Liberty Party in 1840, to the complex battles between Free Soilers and Know Nothings in the 1850s.
Drake was a Garrisonian
abolitionist, meaning she not only saw slavery as an evil, but she believed in the equality of the races, although some involved in the abolition movement did not.
This was no small claim, Colaiaco notes, particularly coming from Frederick Douglass, who until just a few years earlier had been an ardent Garrisonian
and an outspoken opponent of the Constitution, which he too had denounced as a "covenant with death." In fact, Douglass had explicitly endorsed Garrison's view that the free North should secede from the slave South, a position exemplified by the slogan "No Union With Slaveholders!," which adorned Garrison's newspaper The Liberator.
Part one of this essay considers the trans-Atlantic networks of Garrisonian
abolitionists that led to the commissioning of the poem for the Liberty' Bell, the birth of the annual in the "battle of the fairs" (when the Boston Female Anti-Slavery Society was split by inner conflicts over gender and religion), and the increasingly militant and feminist tone of the Liberty' Bell by 1844.