Welshman William Grove is credited with inventing the first 'gas battery
' or fuel cell in 1839, building on the work of Christian Friedrich Schonbein.
Second, his invention of the gas battery - or the fuel cell as we now call it.
Looking back, we would now see the gas battery - the fuel cell that seems set to save the car industry - as the key invention that came out of this remarkably productive flurry of experiment.
However, his "gas battery
" didn't find practical application until the 1960s, when NASA needed a power source better than batteries for long-duration space missions.
While fuel cells have been around for over a century and a half beginning with William Grove's so-called "gas battery
" in 1838--they have mostly relied on pure hydrogen as a fuel source, often requiring high temperatures and pressures to react efficiently with ambient oxygen and produce electricity.
The origin of the fuel cell dates back to 1838 when Christian Friedrich Schoenbein, a professor at the University of Basle, Switzerland, discovered the 'fuel cell effect' and by Schoenbein's friend, the Englishman William Robert Grove, the inventor of the fuel cell or the 'gas battery
' as he called it at the time.
Indeed, the inventor made it plain that actual uses for his "gas battery" didn't interest him in the least.
In 1842, Grove lectured on the gas battery's properties in London.
They were invented in 1839 by a Swansea lawyer, Sir William Robert Grove, who called his original device a 'gas battery
Sir William Robert Grove, from Swansea - developed a practical fuel cell power source, which he called a 'gas battery
They began corresponding and, in 1842, Grove developed a practical fuel cell power source which he called a 'gas battery