gauge boson

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gauge boson

n.
Any of a subset of bosons that are elementary particles and mediate one of the four fundamental forces of nature. The gauge bosons include the graviton, photon, gluons, and intermediate vector bosons.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

gauge boson

n
(Nuclear Physics) physics a boson that mediates the interaction between elementary particles. There are several types: photons for electromagnetic interactions, W and Z intermediate vector bosons for weak interactions, and gravitons for gravitational interactions
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.gauge boson - a particle that mediates the interaction of two elementary particles
boson - any particle that obeys Bose-Einstein statistics but not the Pauli exclusion principle; all nuclei with an even mass number are bosons
gluon - a gauge boson that mediates strong interaction among quarks
graviton - a gauge boson that mediates the (extremely weak) gravitational interactions between particles
intermediate vector boson - a gauge boson that mediates weak interactions between particles
photon - a quantum of electromagnetic radiation; an elementary particle that is its own antiparticle
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Examples of such unstable states can be found in the Standard Model of particle theory including quarks, heavy gauge bosons, leptons heavier than the electron, baryons heavier than the proton, and all mesons made up from a quark and an antiquark.
Broken symmetries and the masses of gauge bosons. Physical Review Letters, 1964, v.
Four fundamental forces (Electromagnetic, Weak, Strong and Gravity) acting through corresponding quantum particles known as gauge bosons (photon for electromagnetic, W and Z particles for weak force, gluon for strong force and yet to be discovered illusive graviton for the force of gravity) together are the cause of actions that shape and govern the universe.
The 0 sector gauge bosons produce the gauge symmetry
Beyond the nanoworld; quarks, leptons, and gauge bosons.
BEYOND THE NANOWORLD: Quarks, Leptons, and Gauge Bosons
Planck's initial work evolved into the discipline of quantum physics and led to the discovery of the electron, proton and neutron and the further discovery of even smaller particles having exotic names such as quarks, leptons and gauge bosons. The current Standard Model of particle physics consists of 24 elementary building blocks that cannot be decomposed into smaller pieces.
The weak interaction is mediated by the [W.sup.+-] and [Z.sup.0] gauge bosons. Because these particles are very massive their range is too short to allow their direct exchange between nucleons interacting via the weak force.
Moreover, they could also address low energy anomalies [19, 20] and might feature interesting astrophysical [21, 22] and collider phenomenology via the presence of exotic gauge bosons which are popularly used in many different contexts [23, 24].