gauge theory

(redirected from Gauge field)
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Related to Gauge field: Gauge symmetry, Gauge group, Gauge invariant

gauge theory

n. Physics
Any of various theories based upon a gauge symmetry. Current fundamental theories, such as the standard model of particle physics, are gauge theories.

gauge theory

n
(Nuclear Physics) physics a type of theory of elementary particles designed to explain the strong, weak, and electromagnetic interactions in terms of exchange of virtual particles
References in periodicals archive ?
In what follows, we study the speed of sound of a two-component pseudospin-[up arrow], [down arrow] fermionic gas loaded on a square optical lattice with a non-Abelian gauge field A = ([alpha][[sigma].sub.y], - [alpha][[sigma].sub.x]) in the presence of a Zeeman field, where a is independently tunable parameter, and [[sigma].sub.i], i = x, y, z are the Pauli matrices.
In QG research, it is known that general relativity with nonzero cosmological constant ([LAMBDA] [not equal to] 0) can be obtained from a so-called BF model (a topological field theory) for a gauge field, valued in either SO(3,2) (for [LAMBDA] < 0) or a SO(4,1) (for [LAMBDA] > 0), by a symmetry breaking mechanism [6,7].
Here, [psi](t, x) : [R.sup.1+2] [right arrow] C is the matter field, N(t, x) : [R.sup.1+2] [right arrow] r is the neutral field, and [A.sub.[mu]](t, x) : [R.sup.1+2] [right arrow] R is the gauge field. [D.sub.[mu]] = [[partial derivative].sub.[mu]] - [A.sub.[mu]] is the covariant derivative, i = [square root of (-1)], [mathematical expression not reproducible], and [DELTA] = [[partial derivative].sub.j][[partial derivative].sub.j].
The vector field derived from the gauge term, the gauge field, makes the adjustment via the field force acting on the charge of symmetry.
propose a model in which the early universe is dominated by a gauge field that interacts with a fermion current.
Frampton, Gauge Field Theories, 3ra Ed., Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co.
Quantum chromodynamics is a non-Abelian gauge field theory that can describe the strong interactions of fundamental particles, he explains, and he introduces the field to first-year graduate students, introducing gauge theory as a whole at the same time.
On such a lattice, we are given values on each edge in the form of a "U(1) gauge field", U = {[u.sub.j] := [MATHEMATICAL EXPRESSION NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII.] | j = 1, ..., [n.sub.e]}, where the values [[theta].sub.j] are prescribed based on some known distribution, discussed momentarily, and the "gauge links", [u.sub.j], live on the edges of the lattice.
By comparing the second-order differential equation that has been obtained from Dirac equation with Schrodinger equation for the well-known potential such as Scarff-II, Poshel-Teller, Morse, 3D-oscillator, and shift-oscillator potentials, the gauge field potential can be written based on the well-known superpotentials that are related to the mentioned potentials.
The doublet corresponds to two charge states that convert one into another at the vertices, suggesting the SU(2) group for transformations of the inner (charge) space in the gauge field theory, but now it appears as an indispensable mechanism to realize the regular lattice by means of the motion-to-motion gauge.
Colleagues remember Austrian theoretical physicist Kummer (1935-2007) with 25 papers on gauge field theory and particle physics, classical and quantum gravity, and his place in the physics community.
This involves traditional gauge fixing (of the component gauge field), as well as elimination of the anti-fields.