Dominant understory plants included Evergreen Huckleberry (Vaccinium ovatum), Salal (Gaultheria shallon
), Sword Fern (Polystichum munituin), Chain Fern (Woodivardia fimbriata), and Rubus spp.
Other natives that do well under redwoods include salal (Gaultheria shallon
) and evergreen huckleberry (Vaccini-um ovatum).
For deep shade under evergreen or low tree canopies try the dense bushy box, and holly with glossy, spiny leaves, and for smaller evergreens Daphne laureola - yellowgreen flowers in early spring, and Gaultheria shallon
- suckering, small pink flowers in spring followed by purple fruit and thriving on acid soil.
The fourth paper (Ballard and Huntsinger) provides another case study, this time of experiential knowledge of residents versus newly acquired knowledge of immigrant harvesters on the sustainable management of salal (Gaultheria shallon
) as a floral green.
This was an oval of green baize lawn surrounded by big rocks, where mum spent many hours trying to eradicate the Gaultheria shallon
which naturalised here most successfully and tenaciously.
Vaccinioideae Gaultheria eriophylla (Pers.) Sleumer Vaccinioideae Gaultheria miqueliana Takeda Vaccinioideae Gaultheria shallon
Pursh Vaccinioideae Gaylussacia frondosa (L.) Torrey & A.
in several instances we have found them as much as 36 feet in the girth or 12 feet diameter perfectly solid and entire, they frequently rise to the hight of 230 feet, and one hundred and twenty or 30 of that hight without a limb." Closer to earth he noted the western bracken (Pteridium aquilinum pubescens), its root "much like wheat dough and not very unlike it in flavour, though it has also a pungency which becomes more visible after you have chewed it for some time; this pungency was disagreeable to me, but the natives eat it voraciously." The fruit of the salal (Gaultheria shallon
) was prepared by the Indians in much the same fashion as the evergreen huckleberry (Vaccinium ovatum), the berries mashed and dried in large cakes weighing as much as 10 or 15 pounds.
Ground covers (all perennial) Carpet Bugle (Ajuga reptans) Kennickinnick (Arctostaphylos uni-ursa) Irish moss (Arenaria verna) Bunchberry (Cornus canadensis) Blue fescue (Fastuva ovina glauca) Wintergreen (Gaultheria procumbens) Salal (Gaultheria shallon
) Lydia broom (Genista lydia) Pachysandra (Pachysandra terminalis) -- Shaded areas only.