thought experiment

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thought experiment

n.
An imagined sequence of events that is used to illustrate or investigate the consequences of a given action or condition, especially in philosophy and theoretical physics.

[Translation of German Gedankenexperiment : Gedanke, thought + Experiment, experiment.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Translations
myšlenkový experiment
Gedankenexperiment
ajatuskoe
esperimento mentale
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References in periodicals archive ?
Experimental realization of Wheeler's delayed-choice gedanken experiment. Science, 315, 966-968.
Wave-particle duality is further exemplified in Wheeler's delayed-choice Gedanken Experiment (,978b).
We also put forward a gedanken experiment which involves a pair of strings put on both sides of the future Rindler horizon in order to show that the equivalence principle remains valid for an observer in free fall.
Thus, Farmer claims the physicist's thought or Gedanken experiment as a possible modus vivendi of interpretative research.
Clouser's objection that an entity could be purely physical is based on the gedanken experiment of "thinking away the non-physical properties of a thing to see what they have had left when they finished." (5) Clouser adheres to the philosophy of Herman Dooyeweerd, (6) to whom even atoms, clearly purely physical entities, can have "biotic, sensory, logical, linguistic, and many other kinds of properties." (7) Surely, atomic properties, e.g., mass, spin, change, etc., are detected by purely physical devices via physical interactions and such data is ascribed to inherent properties of individual atoms.
Experimental Realization of EPR-Bohm Gedanken experiment: A New Violation of Bell's Inequalities Phys.
Comes from "gedanken experiment"(thought experiments) a term used by German theoretical physicists for projects which can't be recreated in the real world.
Perform with me a gedanken experiment. Imagine, if you would, three product markets, each supplied by several firms, who are vying with one another for customer patronage.