In this week's Daf Yomi reading, in Zevachim 48a, the Gemara
introduced a concept that helps to illuminate the worldview of the rabbis.
The backbone of study, at least for boys and men, is ceremonial and civil law contained within the Talmud ("learning"); the sixty-three shelf-warping tractates of the Mishnah, the oral Torah transmitted from God to Moses on Sinai in addition to the Pentateuch and set down by Yehudah HaNasi around 200 CE; and the Gemara
, centuries of rabbinic elucidations of the Mishnah.
interprets this as meaning that the Messiah will judge based on his sense of smell (Bavli, Sanhedrin 93b), rather than as is the common wont today, to judge based on sight and hearing.
Similarly, with respect to the ger, the Gemara
teaches, "Do not taunt [the ger] with the same blemish you have" (Bava Metzia 59b).
The Oral Law--the Mishnah, Gemara
and other rabbinic writings--explores these concepts and offers a multitude of ideas about what happens to us after we die.
Critique: Rabbi Pinchas Cohen is a Ram at Yeshivat Har Etzion, teaching Gemara
and halakha to overseas students.
Now which gemara
, which tractate of the Talmud, was it that discussed this matter?
In the middle are the Mishnah and its commentary, the Gemara
; but the Gemara
is often written in Aramaic, while the Mishnah is in its own distinctive form of Hebrew.
"Several elements that turned to us asked us if the burial system of the Mishna and Gemara
can be renewed," he revealed.
The Talmud has two components, namely the Mishnah (the main text) and the Gemara
(an elucidation of the Mishnah).
This book works like a Talmud in both senses of Mishnah and Gemara
, where the Mishnah explicates and debates Jewish Oral Law and the Gemara
takes on, with risk, related topics and Torah Law.
Yet the gemara
implies that Akiva and his students were right to persevere.