genetic engineering

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genetic engineering

n.
Scientific alteration of the structure of genetic material in a living organism. It involves the production and use of recombinant DNA and has been employed to create bacteria that synthesize insulin and other human proteins.

genetic engineer n.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

genetic engineering

n
(Genetics) alteration of the DNA of a cell for purposes of research, as a means of manufacturing animal proteins, correcting genetic defects, or making improvements to plants and animals bred by humans
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

genet′ic engineer′ing


n.
1. the development and application of scientific procedures and technologies that permit direct manipulation of genetic material in order to alter the hereditary traits of a cell, organism, or population.
2. a technique producing unlimited amounts of otherwise unavailable or scarce biological products by introducing DNA from living organisms into bacteria and then harvesting the product, as human insulin produced in bacteria by the human insulin gene. Also called biogenetics.
[1965–70]
genet′ic engineer′, n.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

genetic engineering

The science of altering and cloning genes to produce a new trait in an organism or to make a biological substance, such as a protein or hormone. Genetic engineering mainly involves the creation of recombinant DNA, which is then inserted into the genetic material of a cell or virus.
The American Heritage® Student Science Dictionary, Second Edition. Copyright © 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.genetic engineering - the technology of preparing recombinant DNA in vitro by cutting up DNA molecules and splicing together fragments from more than one organism
biotech, biotechnology - the branch of molecular biology that studies the use of microorganisms to perform specific industrial processes; "biotechnology produced genetically altered bacteria that solved the problem"
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations
هَنْدّسَه وراثِيَّه
genetické inženýrství
genteknik
génsebészetgéntechnológia
genetické inžinierstvo
genetik mühendisliği

genetic engineering

ningegneria genetica
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995

gene

(dʒiːn) noun
any of the basic elements of heredity, passed from parents to their offspring. If the children are red-haired, one of their parents must have a gene for red hair.
genetic (dʒəˈnetik) adjective
of genes or genetics. a genetic abnormality.
genetic engineering noun
the science of changing the genetic features of animals and plants.
genetics (dʒəˈnetiks) noun singular
the science of heredity.
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary © 2006-2013 K Dictionaries Ltd.
References in periodicals archive ?
'There are many technological discoveries emerging in the fields of medicine and genetic manipulation that are not covered by law in many countries,' Prof Mutugi said.
The book authored by Prof Mutugi, who is a biomedical researcher, and Justice Lenaola, is titled Bioethics of medical advances and genetic manipulation.
With the continued advancement of both immunotherapy and these genetic manipulation medications, physicians are confident in the future development of glioblastoma treatment.
Some day, we may be looking at a world where genetic manipulation is as widespread and common place as it was in the dystopian movie GATTACA-let's just hope that the real-life consequences aren't as severe as the fictional ones.
The darker side of this spectrum is the stark reality of abortion, contraception, homosexuality, same-sex marriage, easy divorce, genetic manipulation and euthanasia which are infecting the globe.
But he argued that genetic manipulation could be used to save lives "and that seems to me be an ethical imperative."
They describe basic methods, characterization of human pluripotent stem cells, differentiation, genetic manipulation, and stem cell transplantation, and detail procedures, alternative procedures, pitfalls and advice, equipment, reagents and supplies, and recipes.
Recently, CPLB has secured the "go-ahead" from the Review Committee on Genetic Manipulation (RCGM) to commence toxicology studies of this vaccine before starting human clinical trials.
Selective breeding is a form of genetic manipulation - bear in mind that if we didn't breed some animals for certain traits, we would quite literally have farm animals that are from the stone age and I can assure you they would get nowhere near feeding the current population let alone the extra we need to consider.
The miniature panda calf is the result of genetic manipulation.
Topics include molecular identification, genetic manipulation, genomics, metabolism, application aspects, and interactions with hosts.
He says the finding opens up a route to extreme radioactive resistance by supplementation alone--no genetic manipulation required.