genome(redirected from Genomes)
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1. The total genetic content contained in a haploid set of chromosomes in eukaryotes, in a single chromosome in bacteria or archaea, or in the DNA or RNA of viruses.
2. An organism's genetic material.
ge·no′mic (-nō′mĭk) adj.
1. (Genetics) the full complement of genetic material within an organism
2. (Biology) all the genes comprising a haploid set of chromosomes
[C20: from German Genom, from Gen gene + (chromos)ome]
a full haploid set of chromosomes with all its genes; the total genetic constitution of a cell or organism.
[1925–30; < German]
The total amount of genetic information in the chromosomes of an organism, including its genes and DNA sequences. The genome of eukaryotes is made up of a single, haploid set of chromosomes that is contained in the nucleus of every cell and exists in two copies in the chromosomes of all cells except reproductive cells. The human genome is made up of about 30,000 genes. ♦ The scientific study of genomes is called genomics (jə-nō′mĭks).
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|Noun||1.||genome - the ordering of genes in a haploid set of chromosomes of a particular organism; the full DNA sequence of an organism; "the human genome contains approximately three billion chemical base pairs"|
genome[ˈdʒiːnəʊm] N → genoma m
genome[ˈdʒiːnəʊm] n → génome m
n (Biol) → Genom nt
n. genoma, el conjunto básico completo de cromosomas haploides en un organismo.