Aim: to show and make a changeable history of Georgianism
In reference to Rosenberg's estrangement from both Georgianism and the avant-garde, we must refrain from idle supposition as to with which group he ultimately would have aligned--given the resources at hand his extant work should instead be read as a conclusive dissatisfaction with both modes.
That Fred Crawford, who concerns himself with much of the same material as this study does, should conclude that in "This remarkable utterance, eight years before the appearance of "The Waste Land," Rosenberg seems to anticipate both Eliot's 'message' and his imagery" (203), only serves to lend credence to my assertion that this anticipation goes beyond the given passage to Rosenberg's poetry, insofar as he departed from Georgianism in ways which bring him closer to Eliot's avant-garde predecessors, Ezra Pound and the Imagists.
Her poetry behaves as if all the literary movements of the past century, from Georgianism
to Concrete Poetry, had simply never happened .
It is certainly an austere, puritan view of poetry but refreshing after Yeats's pseudo-philosophies, the pedantry of the later Auden, the lingering Georgianism
of Graves and the neurotic verbosity of Sylvia Plath and Ted Hughes.
This poetry is largely mainstream in the tradition of late Georgianism
McArthur's 'New Zealand Singing', is a confused collection of unassimilated Whitman and Eliot advocating rejection of sentimental Georgianism
and facing the problems of the age, 'serious things', not 'rata flowers'.
Typically, Osbert the polemicist chose to ignore the many pieces of first-rate work which had been published in the Georgian Poetry volumes, and his clever modern dismissiveness did not find favor everywhere: Eliot, for example, expressed contempt for "the poets who consider themselves most opposed to Georgianism
and who know a little French.
They reacted against Victorianism, Georgianism
, genteelism, the academy, the establishment, the rules and conventions, Wordsworth, Tennyson, Swinburne, Bridges--the whole suffocating past.
The earlier poetry has tinges of Georgianism
, even Romanticism or a touch of Dylan Thomas, while the later verse gives a broadly postmodernist impression.
Curnow was even more specific, targeting Georgianism
as representative of the sorts of excess that Gill complained of.
To begin with a poem of 1956, 'Miri' shows among other things how Hart-Smith made his exit from the Georgianism
of his first published poems of 1934 and after.