geraniol

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ge·ra·ni·ol

 (jə-rā′nē-ôl′, -ōl′, -ŏl′)
n.
A fragrant, pale yellow liquid alcohol, C10H18O, derived chiefly from the oils of geranium and citronella and used in cosmetics and flavorings.

geraniol

(dʒɪˈreɪnɪˌɒl; dʒɪˈrɑː-)
n
(Elements & Compounds) a colourless or pale yellow terpine alcohol with an odour of roses, found in many essential oils: used in perfumery. Formula: C10H18O
[C19: from gerani(um + alcoh)ol]
References in periodicals archive ?
Ambassador Dahab also referred to the membership of Geranyl in the Security Council and correspondence of the German strategy toward Africa with the radical change in Sudan with regard to the concern given to peace in Africa, human rights, economic development and integration of Africa in the global economic system.
Components Caryophyllene 0.00 Diacetone alcohol 0.00 Heptadecane 1.33 Germacrene-D 0.40 Geranyl acetate 0.31 Citronellol 1.81 Nerol 2.33 Acetic acid, phenylethyl ester 0.65 Geraniol 3.37 Benzyl alcohol 0.57 Nonadecane 14.89 9-Nonadecane 3.09a Phenyl ethyl alcohol 22.16 Eicosane 1.18 Heneicosane 9.78 Tricosane 10.89 Triacontane 12.95 Tetradecanol 0.73 1-octanyl-4-ol 1.23a 2-ethyl-2-methyl-1,3-propandiol 1.07 1-octanol,2,2,dimethyl 1.20 Concrete efficiency (%) 0.34 Table 2.
It has been reported that carrot seeds are rich in antioxidants (Yu et al., 2005) and contain a lot of active ingredients such as camphene, b-pinene, a-pinene, myrcene, sabinene, y-terpinene, limonene, b-bisabolene, geranyl acetate, and carotol.
The major components of oregano essential oil are Carvacrol, Thymol, Cymene, Caryophyllene, Pinene, Bisabolene, Linalool, Borneol, Geranyl Acetate, Linalyl Acetate, and Terpinene.
tested (ppm) (ppm) Carvacrol methylphenol Sigma Aldrich 61,250 428 a-pinene, b-pinene, myrcene, limonene, Bay oil linalool, methyl Sigma Aldrich 62,500 1100 chavicol, neral, a-terpineol, geranyl acetate, eugenol and chavicol Red thyme (a) N/A Sigma Aldrich 62,500 300 oil Cinnamon leaf (a) N/A Sigma Aldrich 61,875 1050 oil (a) N/A represents that the composition of the essential oil is unknown.
In vivo studies and incorporation of radioactive compounds experiments revealed that geranyl pyrophosphate is the precursor of iridoids [37-39].
In addition to the effects on cholesterol biosynthesis, statins regulate the synthesis of various other major products such as dolichol, geranyl pyrophosphate, and farnesyl pyrophosphate.
The volatile oil consists of mainly mono and sesquiterpenes; camphene, beta-phellandrene, curcumene, cineole, geranyl acetate, terphineol, terpenes, borneol, geraniol, limonene, linalool, alpha-zingiberene (30-70%), beta-sesquiphellandrene (15-20%), betabisabolene (10-15%) and alpha-farmesene.
et al., "Simple Adsorption of Candida rugosa Lipase onto Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotubes for Sustainable Production of the Flavor Ester Geranyl Propionate," J.
IPP isomerase (IDI) catalyzes the isomerization of IPP to DMAPP and condensation of two IPP molecules to form GPP (geranyl diphosphate).
Erratum to: Solvent-free geranyl oleate production by enzymatic esterification.Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering, vol.
reticulata extract showed presence of IR bands at 3850, 3740, and 3321 [cm.sup.-1] (characteristic of O-H stretching of hydroxyls), 2355 and 2112 [cm.sup.-1] (N-H stretching vibrations), 1740 [cm.sup.-1] (C=O [cm.sup.-1] stretching attributed to aldehyde, ketones, carboxylic acid, or pectin ester), 1639 [cm.sup.-1] (attributed to amide I; pectin), 1368 [cm.sup.-1] (C-CH3 bending), 1218 [cm.sup.-1] (C-O stretch acidic or [v.sub.as](C-O-C) of geranyl acetate (acyclic monoterpene)), 1110 [cm.sup.-1] (v(CO), v(CC) ring of polysaccharides, and pectin), 1082 [cm.sup.-1] and 1068 [cm.sup.-1] (may be due to alcohol, carboxylic acid and esters), and 641 [cm.sup.-1] (assigned to bending modes of aromatic compounds) [11, 15, 36-38].