germ layers


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germ layers

An early embryo’s three cellular layers, giving rise to all body tissues. See ectoderm, endoderm, mesoderm.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Ovarian teratomas are germ cell tumors, usually derived from one or all three germ layers, composing multiple cell types.
TER histologically presents as a disordered mixture of differentiated cell types from all three somatic germ layers. In some cases, a component of a TER may acquire a unique neural differentiation state, known as an immature teratoma.
To further check whether bFGF has the function to inhibit differentiation, transcripts of marker genes related to all three germ layers were examined by quantitative real-time PCR.
Teratomas are the most common germ cell tumors of childhood [1], consisting of tissues from each of the three embryonic germ layers (ectoderm, mesoderm, and endoderm).
[3] They are composed of one or more germ layers derived from a pluripotent precursor cell.
Maintenance of developmental potential for contribution of derivatives of all three germ layers is an important feature of these cells.
We have demonstrated that BaP exposure during fetal development causes severe somatic and germ cell consequences in F1 animals and that tissues originating from all three germ layers, as well as the germ cells themselves, are highly mutagenized in adult offspring.
The following theories have been put forward regarding the origin of dermoid cysts: (i) There is congenital inclusion of dermal and epidermal elements of germ layers in deeper tissues along the embryonic lines of fusion.
Pluripotency induction by resveratrol was also confirmed by EB formation and spontaneous differentiation into cells of the three germ layers (Figure 4(d)).
Parasitic germ layers are also identified embedded in the fat tissue (Figure 4).
Mouse ES cells derived from embryos before implantation can differentiate into all three germ layers and germ cells.
Ovarian teratomas present unique histological features, as tissues derived from more than one of the three germ layers are present, including neural tissue, adipose tissue, bone, teeth, and respiratory epithelium.