Gestalt psychology


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to Gestalt psychology: Humanistic psychology, gestalt therapy

Gestalt psychology

n.
The school or theory in psychology holding that psychological, physiological, and behavioral phenomena are irreducible experiential configurations not derivable from a simple summation of perceptual elements such as sensation and response.

Gestalt psychology

n
(Psychology) a system of thought, derived from experiments carried out by German psychologists, that regards all mental phenomena as being arranged in Gestalts

Gestalt′ psychol′ogy


n.
the school or doctrine holding that behavioral and psychological phenomena cannot be fully explained by analysis of their component parts, as reflexes or sensations, but must be studied as wholes.
[1920–25]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Gestalt psychology - (psychology) a theory of psychology that emphasizes the importance of configurational properties
Gestalt law of organization, Gestalt principle of organization - a principle of Gestalt psychology that identifies factors leading to particular forms of perceptual organization
scientific theory - a theory that explains scientific observations; "scientific theories must be falsifiable"
holism, holistic theory - the theory that the parts of any whole cannot exist and cannot be understood except in their relation to the whole; "holism holds that the whole is greater than the sum of its parts"; "holistic theory has been applied to ecology and language and mental states"
psychological science, psychology - the science of mental life
Translations

Gestalt psychology

nGestaltpsychologie f

gestalt psychology

ngestaltismo
References in periodicals archive ?
A century ago, gestalt psychology established the so-called gestalt laws--referring primarily to visual gestalts (Ash 133).
Ignorance is of little/no assistance in developing the whole person in gestalt psychology.
As has often been pointed out, in Meta + Hodos Tenney was richly influenced by Gestalt psychologist Kurt Koffka, but we need more detailed studies of the relations between Gestalt psychology and phenomenology in the 1950s, and therefore exactly how Tenney could have understood the two in relation to his project.
To create the program, Sheffer used insights from a field of psychology known as Gestalt psychology that explains how humans interpret visual content and understand depth from two-dimensional drawings.
Koffka, Principles of Gestalt Psychology, Harcourt, New York, NY, USA, 1935.
To couch it in terms of Gestalt psychology, it's more about the ground than the figure.
However, most studies on perceptual organization factors were developed within the theoretical framework of Gestalt psychology, mainly by Max Wertheimer (1923, see Vezzani, Marino, & Giore, 2012, for an extensive review of this issue).
The following six chapters look at the Behaviorist tradition, psychoanalysis, Gestalt psychology, theoretical and applied psychology after WWI, behaviorism and psychoanalysis in the mid-twentieth century, and Humanistic and Cognitive psychology.
He starts with a review of contemporary artwork and scientific and art historical literature that reference the grid, then outlines a mapping sequence to define the components of the metaphorical and figurative depictions of the grid found in the art traditions of the modernist and post-modernist eras, using cognitive neuroscience and Gestalt psychology to understand human visual perception and his double vision and guide his painting during the research.
Gestalt psychology arrives as a kind of deus ex machina for literary theory, as a way of converting the labour he has already performed on Kafka and Proust into something else.
It is not much of a stretch to see ecology, gestalt psychology, jazz, colonial revolts, the women's movement and Aboriginal rights as examples in a multitude of interrelated and mutually influential responses to the conventions of the time.