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Related to Giao Chi: Jiaozhi


 (tŏn′kĭn′, tŏng′-)
A historical region of southeast Asia on the Gulf of Tonkin, an arm of the South China Sea, now forming most of northern Vietnam. It was part of French Indochina from 1887 to 1946.

Ton′kin·ese′ (-ēz′, -ēs′) adj. & n.


(ˈtɒnˈkɪn) or


1. (Placename) a former state of N French Indochina (1883–1946), on the Gulf of Tonkin: forms the largest part of N Vietnam
2. (Placename) Gulf of Tonkin an arm of the South China Sea, bordered by N Vietnam, the Leizhou Peninsula of SW China, and Hainan Island. Length: about 500 km (300 miles)


(ˈtɒnˈkɪn, ˈtɒŋ-)

also Tongking

1. a former state in N French Indochina, now part of Vietnam.
2. Gulf of, an arm of the South China Sea, W of Hainan. 300 mi. (485 km) long.
References in periodicals archive ?
Heidhues ignores the early Viet people of today's northern Vietnam, despite the commercial and religious importance of cities like Giao Chi or their developments in riziculture and hydraulics, factors that would have integrated the Viet into her regional scheme.
9] This seems to indicate that, despite Khuc Hao reform of local administration in the early tenth century, the xa was not yet an important administrative unit, even in a core area like Giao Chi.