Gilbert, William 1544-1603.
English physician to Queen Elizabeth I who is noted for his studies of electricity and magnetism.
Gil·bert(gĭl′bərt), William 1544-1603.
English court physician and physicist whose book De Magnete (1600) was the first comprehensive scientific work published in England. Gilbert demonstrated that the Earth itself is a magnet, with lines of force running between the North and South Poles. He theorized that magnetism and electricity were two types of a single force and was the first to use the words electricity and magnetic pole.