glomerulus

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Related to Glomerular capillaries: glomerular capsule

glo·mer·u·lus

 (glō-mĕr′yə-ləs)
n. pl. glo·mer·u·li (-lī′)
1. A small cluster or mass of blood vessels or nerve fibers.
2. A tuft of capillaries situated within a Bowman's capsule at the end of a renal tubule in the vertebrate kidney that filters waste products from the blood and thus initiates urine formation.

[New Latin, diminutive of Latin glomus, glomer-, ball.]

glomerulus

(ɡlɒˈmɛrʊləs)
n, pl -li (-ˌlaɪ)
1. (Anatomy) a knot of blood vessels in the kidney projecting into the capsular end of a urine-secreting tubule
2. (Anatomy) any cluster or coil of blood vessels, nerve fibres, etc, in the body
[C18: from New Latin, diminutive of glomus ball]
gloˈmerular adj

glo•mer•u•lus

(gloʊˈmɛr yə ləs, glə-)

n., pl. -li (-ˌlaɪ)
any compact cluster of nerves or capillaries, esp. a cluster of capillaries in the nephron of the kidney that acts as a filter of the blood.
[1855–60; < New Latin, = Latin glomer-, s. of glomus ball-shaped mass + -ulus -ule]

glomerulus

A convoluted mass of blood-filtering capillaries in a nephron. See kidney, nephron, tubule.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.glomerulus - a small intertwined group of capillaries in the malpighian body; it filters the blood during urine formation
malpighian body, malpighian corpuscle, renal corpuscle - the capsule that contains Bowman's capsule and a glomerulus at the expanded end of a nephron
capillary vessel, capillary - any of the minute blood vessels connecting arterioles with venules
Translations

glomerulus

[glɒˈmɛrʊləs] nglomerulo

glo·mer·u·lus

n. L. glomérulo, colección de capilares en forma de bola pequeña localizados en el riñón.
References in periodicals archive ?
Glomerular capillaries were cut in longitudinal, oblique and transverse section.
Glomerular filtration rate is defined as the volume of fluid filtered from the glomerular capillaries into the Bowman's capsule per unit time.
Due to some reason the negative charges in the basement membrane of the glomerular capillaries are lost or reduced.
The renal artery small branching order afferent arterioles lead to the glomerular capillaries and the distal ends of the capillaries of each glomerulus join together to form the efferent arterioles, followed by a second capillary network constituted by the peritubular capillaries surrounding renal tubules.
1, 2), glomerular capillaries of the renal corpuscles (Fig.
The glomeruli were congested showing RBCs in capillary lumina and Bowman's space, presence of pigment was noted in glomerular capillaries and in RBCs.
In the patietns with hypertension and preserved renal function, ACE inhibition is usually associated with increased total ERPF, resulting from decreased resistance to blood flow at the level of glomerular capillaries and efferent arteriole and consequent increase in blood flow at the level of peritubular capillaries.
Histological findings in our patients were similar to those reported in the literature: severe impairment of the glomerular filtration barrier, collapse and retraction of glomerular capillaries (2,11), prominence of visceral epithelial cells, and hyperplasia of podocytes in collapsed capillaries with the formation of pseudo-crescents (7).
The podocyte, via the foot processes, provides structural support for the glomerular capillaries, buffers intraglomerular pressure, and is the final layer in the barrier to protein passage across the glomerulus into the urinary space.
The glomerular capillaries are supplied by the afferent arteriole; blood then flows out of the glomerular capillaries via the efferent arteriole.
One possible explanation for the observed elevation in GFR is that the loss of sympathetic outflow to the kidney might have caused relaxation of the mesangial cells that surround the glomerular capillaries and therefore contributed to an increase in the surface area of the capillaries at any given net filtration pressure.