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n. pl.1.(Zool.) A comprehensive division of vertebrates, including all that have distinct jaws, in contrast with the leptocardians and marsipobranchs (Cyclostoma), which lack them.
References in periodicals archive ?
Results may be affected by factors such as geographic location, differences in healthcare access, and the contribution of other causes of eosinophilic meningitis, such as Gnathostoma spinigerum nematodes.
Molecular coding of a gene encoding matrix metalloproteinase-like protein from Gnathostoma spinigerum. Parasitol Res 2001;87:751-757.
In the Asian countries that are shipping these eels, infection causing Gnathostoma spinigerum nematodes are common among the farmed as well as wild monopterus eels.
Among the parasitic diseases included here is gnathostomiasis--caused by the Asian nematode Gnathostoma spinigerum. (5)
Prevalence of Gnathostoma spinigerum infection in wild and cultured swamp eels in Vietnam.
Two samples of plasma were sent to Thailand for immunoblot in search of the diagnostic band (24-kDa antigen) of Gnathostoma spinigerum, resulting in high titers.
Fatal eosinophilic encephalomyelitis caused by the nematode Gnathostoma spinigerum. Am J Trop Med Hyg.
cantonensis 31-kDa antigen were detected in serum and CSF of the patient; antibodies against Gnathostoma spinigerum were not detected.
In recent years, gnathostomiasis has increasingly been found in persons in countries where Gnathostoma spinigerum has not been endemic.
Other infectious causes of eosinophilic meningitis include Toxocara spp., Gnathostoma spinigerum, neurocysticercosis, and Baylisascaris procyonis.
One example is infection with Gnathostoma spinigerum, which is acquired by eating uncooked food infected with the larval third stage of the helminth; such foods typically include fish, shrimp, crab, crayfish, frog, or chicken.