Golgi apparatus


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Related to Golgi apparatus: endoplasmic reticulum, nucleus, Lysosomes, Plastids

Golgi apparatus

n.
A network of stacked membranous vesicles, present in most living cells, that stores and modifies proteins and other macromolecules and transports them within the cell or excretes them from the cell. Also called Golgi body, Golgi complex.

[After Camillo Golgi.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

Gol′gi apparat`us


n.
a cell organelle, composed of layers of flattened sacs, that processes proteins and moves some of them out of the cell.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

Gol·gi apparatus

or Gol·gi body (gōl′jē)
A structure within many cells that is composed of a series of sacs, called vesicles, and is thought to play a role in the synthesis and transport of proteins. All organisms except bacteria have at least one Golgi apparatus in their cells. See more at cell.
The American Heritage® Student Science Dictionary, Second Edition. Copyright © 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Golgi apparatus - a netlike structure in the cytoplasm of animal cells (especially in those cells that produce secretions)Golgi apparatus - a netlike structure in the cytoplasm of animal cells (especially in those cells that produce secretions)
cytol, cytoplasm - the protoplasm of a cell excluding the nucleus; is full of proteins that control cell metabolism
vesicle, cyst - a small anatomically normal sac or bladderlike structure (especially one containing fluid)
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations
Golgi-Apparat
References in periodicals archive ?
Melanosomes are assembled first as pre-melanosomes in a peculiar cell compartment called the Golgi apparatus and then, they engulf the tyrosinases, the enzymes able to make melanin.
In sections stained with H/E, the cytoplasm is densely basophil at basal level and acidophil at apical level, and also presents a large number of mitochondria, rough endoplasmic reticulum (RER) and Golgi apparatus, organelles typical of secretory cells, characteristicspresent in human, rat, mouse and rabbit, an observation similar to what was reported by Amano et al.
It is associated with endoplasmic reticulum, ribosome, Golgi apparatus, lysosomes, mitochondria, multiple vesicles that are supposed to be arranged on the dynamic cytoskeleton.
The proteins mainly distributed in the membrane, cytoskeleton, Golgi apparatus, vacuole, nucleus, cell-substrate junctions, neuron projection and ribonucleoprotein complex (Table II).
The ELM showed CLV_NDR_NDR_1 motifs matched sequence with amino acid residues RRT (878-880), a functional motif of N-Arg dibasic convertase (nardilysine) cleavage site (Xaa-I-Arg-Lys or Arg-I-Arg-Xaa) in the extracellular Golgi apparatus and cell surface.
While CD28 resides mainly on the cell surface, CTLA-4 is located first in intracellular compartments such as Golgi apparatus, endosomes, secretory granules and lysosomes.
Antibodies from patients with autoimmune disease react with a cytoplasmic antigen in the Golgi apparatus. J Immunol 1984;132:2904-2908.
In the process of oxidative stress, the Golgi apparatus (GA) is a key organelle that participates in signal transduction, homeostasis, and cell apoptosis; this effect is named as the Golgi apparatus stress (GAS) [4,5].
Any aberration inFAM134B will perturb the dynamic shape of Golgi apparatus which is essential for the processing and distributions of lipids and proteins.
discovered that the antiproliferative capacity of STING requires STING relocalization to the Golgi apparatus and is dependent on a C-terminal subdomain that activates NF-[kappa]B but is distinct from TBK1/IRF3 recruitment domains.
In contrast to the multiple origins of autophagic membranes of conventional autophagy, the membranes observed during activation of the alternative pathway appear to originate exclusively from the Golgi apparatus. This conclusion is based on the following five seminal observations: (1) almost all autophagic vacuoles of alternative autophagy were localized near the Golgi apparatus, (2) Golgi ministack formation preceded autophagosome generation, (3) some isolation membranes extended from the Golgi membranes, (4) trans-Golgi proteins were observed on autophagosomes and autolysosomes, and (5) the depletion of Golgi proteins inhibited alternative autophagy but not conventional autophagy.

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