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Related to Goliards: Goliardic songs, Goliardic poetry


 (gōl′yərd, -yärd′)
A wandering student in medieval Europe disposed to conviviality, license, and the making of ribald and satirical Latin songs.

[Middle English, from Old French, glutton, goliard, from gole, throat, from Latin gula.]

gol·iar′dic (gōl-yär′dĭk) adj.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(Historical Terms) one of a number of wandering scholars in 12th- and 13th-century Europe famed for their riotous behaviour, intemperance, and composition of satirical and ribald Latin verse
[C15: from Old French goliart glutton, from Latin gula gluttony]
goliardic adj
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ˈgoʊl yərd)

n. (sometimes cap.)
a wandering scholar-poet of the 12th and 13th centuries, noted for composing satiric Latin verses and for living intemperately.
[1275–1325; Middle English < Old French: drunkard, glutton =gole throat (< Latin gula) + -ard- -ard]
gol•iar′dic, adj.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.goliard - a wandering scholar in medieval Europe; famed for intemperance and riotous behavior and the composition of satirical and ribald Latin songs
bookman, scholar, scholarly person, student - a learned person (especially in the humanities); someone who by long study has gained mastery in one or more disciplines
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
The text proceeds from long and stately verses with rich rhymes to short, staccato stanzas, from lines with many liturgical overtones to lines reminiscent of the goliards. Indeed the whole play reminds one of those medieval tapestries in which the combined wealth of colour, pattern, and movement creates a jewel-like impression.
In the 1930s, German composer Orff came across 13th century manuscripts written by the Goliards, a group of Benedictine monks who protested their disaffection with the ecclesiastical and political regimes with libidinous poetry and song.
Helen Waddell was to achieve literary fame as expositor of the world of the medieval goliards. Her books, The Wandering Scholars and the novel, Peter Abelard, were well received.
The poems were written in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries by students and clergy known as Goliards, who satirized and mocked the Catholic Church, mostly in Medieval Latin, but also in Middle High German and Provencal French.
There were itinerant scholars, such as the Goliards, who flourished in the twelfth and thirteen centuries.
This paraliturgical repertory was transmitted in a different way from the music of the liturgy itself: it was part of the international currency of those whom we now call goliards, the wandering scholars whose stock-in-trade was as much scurrilous parody (or worse), as liturgical drama, the paraliturgical verses of the Circumcision festivities, and the like.
Ziolkowski even points to the emergence of the Goliards in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries, poets "who were affiliated not with the old monasteries but rather with courts, cathedral schools, rising universities, and urban centers" (232).