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The supercontinent of the Southern Hemisphere that, according to the theory of plate tectonics, broke up into India, Australia, Antarctica, Africa, and South America.

[After Gondwana, a region of central India, ultimately from Sanskrit Goṇḍavanam : goṇḍaḥ, Gond + vanam, forest.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(gɒndˈwɑ nə)

a hypothetical landmass that began to separate from Pangaea toward the end of the Paleozoic Era to form South America, Africa, Antarctica, Australia, and peninsular India. Compare Laurasia.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
This has suggested that when the earth was divided into two supercontinents, Laurasia and Gondwana, thyreophorans were more common and diverse in Laurasia.
He also announced the extension of Gondwana Expresstrain to Sambalpur via Jharsuguda Road.
(2018; Gondwana Research in press) reported precise U-Pb zircon age data, determined by the LA-ICP-MS technique.
Thanks to Brasilestes, we've realized that the history of Gondwana's mammals is more complex than we thought," Max Langer, a professor at the University of Sao Paulo and leader of the research team, said in the statement.
"Now we have evidence of two types of Devonian tetrapod from the other end of Gondwana, on the other side of the South Pole, in the Antarctic Circle," Dr Robert Gess, one of the leading researchers, told AFP.
New Delhi: A special court awarded a four-year imprisonment to the director of Gondwana Ispat Ltd in a coal scam case.
The Restless Indian Plate and Its Epic Voyage From Gondwana to Asia: Its Tectonic, Paleoclimatic, and Paleobiogeographic Evolution
The origins of the Zambezi have been deciphered from geological evidence across the vast wilderness of the Chicoa, Gwembe, Luangwa, Mana and Sebungwe valleys of south-central Africa; here, rock formations and landforms preserve the central repository of the river's history back into the Palaeozoic Era before 280 Ma (million years ago).The Proto-Zambezi river originated in the drainage system that was established as vast Dwyka ice-sheets were receding across the super-continent of Gondwana. At this time the immense highlands of the Trans-Gondwana mountains directed the westerly flow of glacial meltwaters into the interior of Gondwana.
1977; Pinnocaris, Ribeiria) and western Gondwana Argentina (Sanchez 1986; Babin & Branisa 1987; Talacastella, Tolmachovia), newly appeared in Perunica --Bohemia (Schubert & Waagen in Perner 1903; Ribeiria, Technophorus), Iberia--Spain, Portugal (Thoral 1935; Babin et al.
The finalists will prove their skills to a large audience and a high-profile panel of judges at the event which will be held in the Gondwana Hall in the evening from 18h30.