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The supercontinent of the Southern Hemisphere that, according to the theory of plate tectonics, broke up into India, Australia, Antarctica, Africa, and South America.

[After Gondwana, a region of central India, ultimately from Sanskrit Goṇḍavanam : goṇḍaḥ, Gond + vanam, forest.]


(gɒndˈwɑ nə)

a hypothetical landmass that began to separate from Pangaea toward the end of the Paleozoic Era to form South America, Africa, Antarctica, Australia, and peninsular India. Compare Laurasia.
References in periodicals archive ?
The sun moths (family Castniidae) are a group of day-flying moths with a Gondwanan distribution (Common 1990).
Mid-Tertiary dispersal, not vicariance explains Gondwanan distribution pattern in the wax palm subfamily (Ceroxyloideae: Arecaceae).
A similar Gondwanan distribution that excludes South America is evident in sphaerotheriid millipedes and suggests an origin in eastern Gondwana (Wesener & VandenSpiegel 2009).