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The supercontinent of the Southern Hemisphere that, according to the theory of plate tectonics, broke up into India, Australia, Antarctica, Africa, and South America.

[After Gondwana, a region of central India, ultimately from Sanskrit Goṇḍavanam : goṇḍaḥ, Gond + vanam, forest.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(gɒndˈwɑ nə)

a hypothetical landmass that began to separate from Pangaea toward the end of the Paleozoic Era to form South America, Africa, Antarctica, Australia, and peninsular India. Compare Laurasia.
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References in periodicals archive ?
The hypothesis on gondwanian origin of Apodera vas and later distribution through Pacific Ocean islands has previously been advanced (Smith & Wilkinson, 2007).
Our results show that world mythologies are structured in geographical patterns and confirm the existence of great dichotomies like the one between 'Gondwanian' and 'Laurasian' myths in Witzel's terminology (2001, 2012), but they also indicate that the global distribution of myths cannot be reduced to such simple oppositions.
Consider the coral gardens of the Great Barrier Reef, the Gondwanian rainforests of the Daintree and Queensland, the ancient Kakadu National Park, the moss-filled forests of South West Tasmania, the breathtaking Kimberley, vast white Antarctica, sand-infused Fraser Island, the mighty Murray Darling River Basin, and the snow-chilled mountains and valleys of the Australian Alps.
The latter is known from a species in Mexico, which belongs to Laurasia, but in a locality showing affinities with the Gondwanian realm.