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The supercontinent of the Southern Hemisphere that, according to the theory of plate tectonics, broke up into India, Australia, Antarctica, Africa, and South America.

[After Gondwana, a region of central India, ultimately from Sanskrit Goṇḍavanam : goṇḍaḥ, Gond + vanam, forest.]


(gɒndˈwɑ nə)

a hypothetical landmass that began to separate from Pangaea toward the end of the Paleozoic Era to form South America, Africa, Antarctica, Australia, and peninsular India. Compare Laurasia.
References in periodicals archive ?
Consider the coral gardens of the Great Barrier Reef, the Gondwanian rainforests of the Daintree and Queensland, the ancient Kakadu National Park, the moss-filled forests of South West Tasmania, the breathtaking Kimberley, vast white Antarctica, sand-infused Fraser Island, the mighty Murray Darling River Basin, and the snow-chilled mountains and valleys of the Australian Alps.
The latter is known from a species in Mexico, which belongs to Laurasia, but in a locality showing affinities with the Gondwanian realm.
Evolution, taxonomy and biogeography of ancient gondwanian libelluloids, with comments on anisopteroid evolution and phylogenetic systematics.