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 (gŏn′fə-lŏn′, -lən)
A banner suspended from a crosspiece, especially as a standard in an ecclesiastical procession or as the ensign of a medieval Italian republic.

[Italian gonfalone, of Germanic origin; see gwhen- in Indo-European roots.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(ˈɡɒnfələn) or


1. (Historical Terms) a banner hanging from a crossbar, used esp by certain medieval Italian republics or in ecclesiastical processions
2. (Heraldry) a battle flag suspended crosswise on a staff, usually having a serrated edge to give the appearance of streamers
[C16: from Old Italian gonfalone, from Old French gonfalon, of Germanic origin; compare Old English gūthfana war banner, Old Norse gunnfani]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ˈgɒn fə lən)

1. a banner suspended from a crossbar, often with several streamers or tails.
2. a standard, esp. one used by the medieval Italian republics.
[1585–95; < Italian gonfalone < Middle French gonfalon, gonfanon, Old French gunfanun < Frankish *gundfano; compare Old High German gund, Old English gūth battle, Old High German, Old Saxon fano cloth, flag (see vane)]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
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References in periodicals archive ?
132), "Narciso Gonfalone" (self-referential banner; v.
Acting on Faith: The Confraternity of the Gonfalone in Renaissance Rome.
Volume seven in the "Early Modern Catholicism and the Visual Arts Series", Acting on Faith: The Confraternity of the Gonfalone in Renaissance Rome is a stunning oversized hardcover compendium featuring 269 color images and extraordinarily detailed text about a lay religious brotherhood that existed in early modern Rome.
James has played in the life of the broader community, the gonfalone, the heraldic flag of the city of Florence, arrived well before the service began, accompanied by the chiarine, gaily-clad traditional standard bearers and trumpets.
The early works are shown with pictures by other Perugians of the time: the refined Madonna and Child with Saints from Frankfurt, generally and presumably correctly attributed to Fiorenzo di Lorenzo; Bonfigli's small Thyssen Annundation with its prospect of the towers of Perugia and Trasimene in the distance; the great caporali gonfalone from Montone, with its view of that town and its breached walls; the Pietro di Gaieotto gonfalone, which is stylistically compatible with the scene above Sante's own two Bernardino panels; and the competent yet lugubrious altarpiece by the Master of the Gardner Annunciation from Terni.
Barbara Wisch, PhD (State University of New York Cortland), has been awarded a National Endowment for the Humanities year-long fellowship to complete her book Acting on Faith: The Cofraternity of the Gonfalone in Renaissance Rome.
This scene, reproduced also on the confraternity's gonfalone, testifies to the presence of women.
"The Passion of Christ in the Art, Theater, and Penitential Rituals of the Roman Confraternity of the Gonfalone." Crossing the Boundaries 237-62.