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A florid, ornate literary style, often employing elaborate puns and conceits.

[After Luis de Góngora y Argote (1561-1627), Spanish poet.]

Gon′gor·is′tic (-rĭs′tĭk) adj.


1. (Literary & Literary Critical Terms) an affected literary style characterized by intricate language and obscurity
2. (Literary & Literary Critical Terms) an example of this
[C19: from Spanish gongorismo; see Góngora y Argote]
ˈGongorist n
ˌGongoˈristic adj


(ˈgɒŋ gəˌrɪz əm, ˈgɔŋ-)

a literary style characterized by ornateness of language and artificiality of diction.
[1805–15; < Sp gongorismo, after the style of Luis de Góngora y Argote (1561-1627), Spanish poet]
Gon′go•rist, n.
Gon`go•ris′tic, adj.


a Spanish verse style invented by the 17th-century poet Luis de Góngora y Argote, characterized by a studied obscurity, an emphasis on Latin terms and syntax, allusions to classical myths, and lavish use of metaphors, hyperbole, paradoxes, neologisms, and antitheses. Also called cultismo, culteranismo. Cf. Euphuism. — Gongoristic, Gongoresque, adj.
See also: Literary Style
an elaborate, florid, intricate style of writing, after Góngora y Argote.
See also: Rhetoric and Rhetorical Devices
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Gongorism - an affected elegance of style that was introduced into Spanish literature by the poet Gongora
euphuism - any artificially elegant style of language
References in periodicals archive ?
KEYWORDS: Melchor Jufre de Aguila, seventeenth-century Chile, poetics, Gongorism.
Appreciation for Sor Juana and her work was unsteady at best through the nineteenth century, revived in the early to mid-twentieth century with the "rehabilitation" of Gongorism and the Baroque, and burgeoned late in that century with, among other things, the attention of feminist literary critics and the increased scholarly activity that accompanied the three-hundredth anniversary of Sor Juana's death.
As he says in his essay on Gongorism, "to be pursued by idlers and autograph hunters and inquiring admirers, would surely be a sad nuisance.
Poetry, after the sterile, false exaltation, artificially provoked by Gongorism, after the affectation of its conceits (which revealed still further the nullity of its ideas), fell into a servile and mindless imitation of Latin poetry, that heavy and monastic classical school which is the antithesis of all inspiration and all feeling.
Perhaps this line is intended as a Gongorism, the simile placed, with ironical affectation, between noun adjective and noun.