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A florid, ornate literary style, often employing elaborate puns and conceits.

[After Luis de Góngora y Argote (1561-1627), Spanish poet.]

Gon′gor·is′tic (-rĭs′tĭk) adj.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


1. (Literary & Literary Critical Terms) an affected literary style characterized by intricate language and obscurity
2. (Literary & Literary Critical Terms) an example of this
[C19: from Spanish gongorismo; see Góngora y Argote]
ˈGongorist n
ˌGongoˈristic adj
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ˈgɒŋ gəˌrɪz əm, ˈgɔŋ-)

a literary style characterized by ornateness of language and artificiality of diction.
[1805–15; < Sp gongorismo, after the style of Luis de Góngora y Argote (1561-1627), Spanish poet]
Gon′go•rist, n.
Gon`go•ris′tic, adj.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.


a Spanish verse style invented by the 17th-century poet Luis de Góngora y Argote, characterized by a studied obscurity, an emphasis on Latin terms and syntax, allusions to classical myths, and lavish use of metaphors, hyperbole, paradoxes, neologisms, and antitheses. Also called cultismo, culteranismo. Cf. Euphuism. — Gongoristic, Gongoresque, adj.
See also: Literary Style
an elaborate, florid, intricate style of writing, after Góngora y Argote.
See also: Rhetoric and Rhetorical Devices
-Ologies & -Isms. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Gongorism - an affected elegance of style that was introduced into Spanish literature by the poet Gongora
euphuism - any artificially elegant style of language
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Appreciation for Sor Juana and her work was unsteady at best through the nineteenth century, revived in the early to mid-twentieth century with the "rehabilitation" of Gongorism and the Baroque, and burgeoned late in that century with, among other things, the attention of feminist literary critics and the increased scholarly activity that accompanied the three-hundredth anniversary of Sor Juana's death.
As he says in his essay on Gongorism, "to be pursued by idlers and autograph hunters and inquiring admirers, would surely be a sad nuisance.
Poetry, after the sterile, false exaltation, artificially provoked by Gongorism, after the affectation of its conceits (which revealed still further the nullity of its ideas), fell into a servile and mindless imitation of Latin poetry, that heavy and monastic classical school which is the antithesis of all inspiration and all feeling.
Borges criticizes "Gongorism" for being an attempt to "distort the Castilian phrase into Latin disorder," while he praises "Quevedism" for being an attempt to "restore to ideas the rough, brusque character that made them astounding when first presented to the spirit" (Inquisiciones 48).
Because of its intimate association with this poet, the term "Gongorism" was coined to refer to such poetry of the Spanish High Baroque.