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A florid, ornate literary style, often employing elaborate puns and conceits.

[After Luis de Góngora y Argote (1561-1627), Spanish poet.]

Gon′gor·is′tic (-rĭs′tĭk) adj.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


1. (Literary & Literary Critical Terms) an affected literary style characterized by intricate language and obscurity
2. (Literary & Literary Critical Terms) an example of this
[C19: from Spanish gongorismo; see Góngora y Argote]
ˈGongorist n
ˌGongoˈristic adj
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ˈgɒŋ gəˌrɪz əm, ˈgɔŋ-)

a literary style characterized by ornateness of language and artificiality of diction.
[1805–15; < Sp gongorismo, after the style of Luis de Góngora y Argote (1561-1627), Spanish poet]
Gon′go•rist, n.
Gon`go•ris′tic, adj.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.


a Spanish verse style invented by the 17th-century poet Luis de Góngora y Argote, characterized by a studied obscurity, an emphasis on Latin terms and syntax, allusions to classical myths, and lavish use of metaphors, hyperbole, paradoxes, neologisms, and antitheses. Also called cultismo, culteranismo. Cf. Euphuism. — Gongoristic, Gongoresque, adj.
See also: Literary Style
an elaborate, florid, intricate style of writing, after Góngora y Argote.
See also: Rhetoric and Rhetorical Devices
-Ologies & -Isms. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Gongorism - an affected elegance of style that was introduced into Spanish literature by the poet Gongora
euphuism - any artificially elegant style of language
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Emblematized by the labyrinthine convolutions of the Soledades and characterized in part by specific images of chance, errancy, and perilous adventures, the gongoristic pilgrimage serves not only as a structuring device and image bank for Tejeda's pilgrim, but also as a framework of interpretation for the chronological trajectory of Tejeda's life.
In other words, picaro was a role one could play like that of knight; high and low literature had the same effect and followed common literary devices, as did the language of germania and Gongoristic poetry.
He began with a rich, gongoristic style, but his poetry became more intimate, simple, and tragic later in life.