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 (gôr′bə-chôf′, -chŏf′, gər-bə-chôf′), Mikhail Sergeyevich Born 1931.
Soviet politician who was general secretary of the Communist party from 1985 to 1991 and president of the USSR from 1989 to 1991, ushering in an era of unprecedented glasnost and perestroika. He won the 1990 Nobel Peace Prize.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(ɡərbaˈtʃɒf) or


(Biography) Mikhail Sergeevich (mixaˈil sirˈɡjejivitʃ). born 1931, Soviet statesman; general secretary of the Soviet Communist Party (1985–91): president (1988–91). Nobel peace prize 1990. His reforms ended the Communist monopoly of power and led to the break-up of the Soviet Union
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ˈgɔr bəˌtʃɔf, -ˌtʃɒf, ˌgɔr bəˈtʃɔf, -ˈtʃɒf)

Mikhail S(ergeyevich), born 1931, president of the Soviet Union 1988–91: Nobel peace prize 1990.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
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Noun1.Gorbachev - Soviet statesman whose foreign policy brought an end to the Cold War and whose domestic policy introduced major reforms (born in 1931)Gorbachev - Soviet statesman whose foreign policy brought an end to the Cold War and whose domestic policy introduced major reforms (born in 1931)
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This is the central, though hardly the only, paradox of the life and character of Mikhail Gorbachev. "Gorbachev is hard to understand"--Gorbachev's own words--stand at the beginning of William Taub-man's new biography, and to some degree haunt it.
To mark the 30th anniversary of the commencement of perestroika, Mikhail Gorbachev wrote The New Russia (published in Russian as [phrase omitted]/Posle Kremlya, translated After the Kremlin), an introspective look at the Russian state based on his own experiences.
He took initiatives to remove the least safe and secure warheads from operational deployments, a move designed to elicit reciprocal action by Mikhail Gorbachev, whose country was crumbling.
FORMER Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev has said efforts must be taken to prevent a new arms race.
Summary: TEHRAN (FNA)- Donald Trump's decision to scrap the INF Treaty with Russia means an announcement of a new nuclear arms race but it is not too late to resolve differences at the negotiating table, former Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev said.
THE promise of democratic reform for long suffering country Russia, raised by Mikhail Gorbachev in the 1980s, got derailed somewhere.
Gorbachev, no large and glorious empire in all of history had ever decided of its own volition to dismantle itself.
Is North Korea's Kim Jong-un going down the path of the last Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev? The two have converged a lot so far, but of course we know about the end of Gorbachev's story, while Kim's remains open-ended.