Gorgias


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Gorgias

(ˈɡɔːdʒɪəs)
n
(Biography) ?485–?380 bc, Greek sophist and rhetorician, subject of a dialogue by Plato
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References in classic literature ?
'Then he cannot have met Gorgias when he was at Athens.' Yes, Socrates had met him, but he has a bad memory, and has forgotten what Gorgias said.
Some raillery follows; and at length Socrates is induced to reply, 'that colour is the effluence of form, sensible, and in due proportion to the sight.' This definition is exactly suited to the taste of Meno, who welcomes the familiar language of Gorgias and Empedocles.
But there is another point which we failed to observe, and in which Gorgias has never instructed Meno, nor Prodicus Socrates.
He may be regarded as standing in the same relation to Gorgias as Hippocrates in the Protagoras to the other great Sophist.
He is of the same class as Callicles in the Gorgias, but of a different variety; the immoral and sophistical doctrines of Callicles are not attributed to him.
The difficulty in framing general notions which has appeared in this and in all the previous Dialogues recurs in the Gorgias and Theaetetus as well as in the Republic.
Hence we are led to place the Dialogue at some point of time later than the Protagoras, and earlier than the Phaedrus and Gorgias. The place which is assigned to it in this work is due mainly to the desire to bring together in a single volume all the Dialogues which contain allusions to the trial and death of Socrates.
Gorgias of Leontium, partly entertaining the same doubt, and partly in jest, says, that as a mortar is made by a mortar-maker, so a citizen is made by a citizen-maker, and a Larisssean by a Larisssean-maker.
For some months I had been ill in health, but was now convalescent, and, with returning strength, found myself in one of those happy moods which are so precisely the converse of ennui - moods of the keenest appetency, when the film from the mental vision departs - the "PL> 0 BDT ,B­,L - and the intellect, electrified, surpasses as greatly its every-day condition, as does the vivid yet candid reason of Leibnitz, the mad and flimsy rhetoric of Gorgias. Merely to breathe was enjoyment; and I derived positive pleasure even from many of the legitimate sources of pain.
The idealization of the sufferer is carried still further in the Gorgias, in which the thesis is maintained, that 'to suffer is better than to do evil;' and the art of rhetoric is described as only useful for the purpose of self-accusation.
A PARTIR DE PLANTEAMIENTOS CENTRALES DE HANNAH ARENDT sobre la relacion entre verdad y politica, y su concepcion de la verdad factual, en el presente trabajo se examina la relacion entre verdad, mentira y politica con base en algunos pasajes de dialogos platonicos como la Republica, el Gorgias, la Apologia y el Hipias menor.
I am writing in support of Amin Jan Naim's article 'Some gleanings from Plato's Gorgias' published in this newspaper on September 15th.