L The Gorsedd was the idea of the eccentric Welsh scholar Iolo Morgannwg, who felt that the uniqueness of the Welsh language and culture should be marked, and the Gorsedds of the British Isles came together in 1792 L The National Eisteddfod Association was established in 1880 and ever since the Gorsedd has played a key part in the festival.
L Though it is possible to enter the Gorsedd through examinations most of the members are invited to join for their contribution to Welsh culture.
L The leading official of the Gorsedd is the Archdruid - currently Gwynedd solicitor Robyn Lewis - who holds office for three years.
L The Gorsedd takes part in three ceremonies at each annual national eisteddfod honouring the winning bards and authors.
But in reality Druids once gathered on the picturesque hill that is steeped in Welsh history as the location of the first Eisteddfod Gorsedd during the summer solstice of 1792.
A stonemason from the Vale of Glamorgan, he is recognised by historians as the organiser of the first Gorsedd and as one of the makers of modern Wales.
"At Primrose Hill in 1792, he convened the first Gorsedd of Bards of the Island of Britain, which was the first assembly of Druids, an institution that survives today at the heart of the National Eisteddfod.
"And when he returned toWales in 1795, he took the Gorsedd with him.
"By 1814, when Napoleon had been defeated, Welsh societies popped up again and the Gorsedd was joined with the Eisteddfod in 1819 in Carmarthen.
"It could be argued that the Gorsedd was the first London-Welsh gift to Wales and it still reigns to this day."
Real name: Edward Williams Key dates: Born 1747; convened the first Gorsedd of Bards of the Island of Britain at Primrose Hill in 1792.