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## gra·di·ent

(grā′dē-ənt)
1. A rate of inclination; a slope.
2. An ascending or descending part; an incline.
3. Physics The rate at which a physical quantity, such as temperature or pressure, changes in response to changes in a given variable, especially distance.
4. Mathematics A vector having coordinate components that are the partial derivatives of a function with respect to its variables.
5. Biology A series of progressively increasing or decreasing differences in the growth rate, metabolism, or physiological activity of a cell, organ, or organism.

[Perhaps grade + -ient (as in quotient).]

(ˈɡreɪdɪənt)
n
1. (Civil Engineering) Also called (esp US): grade a part of a railway, road, etc, that slopes upwards or downwards; inclination
2. (Civil Engineering) Also called (esp US and Canadian): grade a measure of such a slope, esp the ratio of the vertical distance between two points on the slope to the horizontal distance between them
3. (General Physics) physics a measure of the change of some physical quantity, such as temperature or electric potential, over a specified distance
4. (Mathematics) maths
a. (of a curve) the slope of the tangent at any point on a curve with respect to the horizontal axis
b. (of a function, f(x, y, z)) the vector whose components along the axes are the partial derivatives of the function with respect to each variable, and whose direction is that in which the derivative of the function has its maximum value. Usually written: grad f, ∇f or ∇f. Compare curl11, divergence4
sloping uniformly

## gra•di•ent

(ˈgreɪ di ənt)

n.
1. the degree of inclination of a highway, railroad, etc., or the rate of ascent or descent of a stream or river.
2. an inclined surface; grade; ramp.
3.
a. the rate of change with respect to distance of a variable quantity, as temperature or pressure, in the direction of maximum change.
b. a curve representing such a rate of change.
4. a differential operator that, operating upon a function of several variables, results in a vector whose coordinates are the partial derivatives of the function. Abbr.: grad. Symbol:
5. rising or descending by regular degrees of inclination.
6. progressing by walking; stepping with the feet as animals do.
Closely spaced contour lines on the right indicate a steeper gradient than the more loosely spaced lines on the left.

## gra·di·ent

(grā′dē-ənt)
1. The degree to which something inclines; a slope. A mountain road with a gradient of ten percent rises one foot for every ten feet of horizontal length.
2. The rate at which a physical quantity, such as temperature or pressure changes over a distance.

The rate of inclination to horizontal expressed as a ratio, such as 1:25, indicating a one unit rise to 25 units of horizontal distance.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:

noun a hill with a gradient of 1 in 3

noun
Deviation from a particular direction:
Translations
درجَة المَيْل أو الأنْحِدارمُنْحَدَر
sklonstupeň sklonu
lejtõsség
hallihalli, hallagráîa, stigull
nogāzeslīpums
stupeň sklonu

[ˈgreɪdɪənt] N (esp Brit) →
a gradient of one in sevenuna pendiente del uno por siete

[ˈgreɪdiənt] n
(= slope) →
(GEOMETRY)

n (esp Brit) → Neigung f; (upward also) → Steigung f; (downward also) → Gefälle nt; a gradient of 1 in 10eine Steigung/ein Gefälle von 10%; what is the gradient?wie groß ist die Steigung/das Gefälle?; what is the gradient of the hill?welche Steigung/welches Gefälle hat der Berg?

[ˈgreɪdɪənt] n
a gradient of 1 in 7 → una pendenza del 7 per cento
b. (Math, Phys) →

(ˈgreidiənt) noun
1. the amount of slope (eg of a road, a railway). a gradient of 1 in 4.
2. a slope.

## gra·di·ent

a. gradiente, línea que indica aumento o disminución en una variable.
References in classic literature ?
Then they have a recording instrument, according to which they alter the gradient of a new gun, with shells that explode under water.
Close on the rear of this came a couple of cabs, the forerun- ners of a long procession of flying vehicles, going for the most part to Chalk Farm station, where the North-Western special trains were loading up, instead of coming down the gradient into Euston.
The air grew cooler; they had surmounted the last gradient, and Oniton lay below them with its church, its radiating houses, its castle, its river-girt peninsula.
The only effect was that the larger ones became detached and threatened to roll down the gradient and crush us.
There was no proper labour, not half enough machinery, and none of the right sort - and the gradients and country between Bekwando and the sea were awful.
The steam ploughs had, however, kept the railroad open, and the evening train which connects the long line of coal-mining and iron-working settlements was slowly groaning its way up the steep gradients which lead from Stagville on the plain to Vermissa, the central township which lies at the head of Vermissa Valley.
Brave soldiers leading Zionists, deserving novelists, noble ladies, congested the narrow passage and thrust distinguished elbows into ribs the world would not willingly let break, deeming themselves fortunate if they could see "just a little bit of the rail." Inaudible, but convincing, the great inventor expounded his discovery, and sent his obedient little model of the trains of the future up gradients, round curves, and across a sagging wire.
Researchers from the University of Warwick's Department of Physics have found that the strain gradient (i.e.
Evergreen, CO, March 09, 2019 --(PR.com)-- Becoming Tile, LLC is offering a new line of mosaic glass tile backsplash gradients in the web store at their new redesigned website, becomingtile.com.
According to the company, the PPSQ51A/53A gradient system protein sequencers perform sequence analysis at substantially lower levels using gradient separation and a flow cell that enables high-sensitivity detection of PTH-amino acids.
The tweet included a GIF image that read, '4x fun A Galaxy Event.' The colors on the '4x fun' font also flashed and alternated between a pink and blue gradient.

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