grammatical category

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Related to Grammatical categories: pronoun, syntax
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Noun1.grammatical category - (grammar) a category of words having the same grammatical properties
grammar - the branch of linguistics that deals with syntax and morphology (and sometimes also deals with semantics)
grammatical case, case - nouns or pronouns or adjectives (often marked by inflection) related in some way to other words in a sentence
form class, part of speech, word class - one of the traditional categories of words intended to reflect their functions in a grammatical context
number - the grammatical category for the forms of nouns and pronouns and verbs that are used depending on the number of entities involved (singular or dual or plural); "in English the subject and the verb must agree in number"
person - a grammatical category used in the classification of pronouns, possessive determiners, and verb forms according to whether they indicate the speaker, the addressee, or a third party; "stop talking about yourself in the third person"
gender, grammatical gender - a grammatical category in inflected languages governing the agreement between nouns and pronouns and adjectives; in some languages it is quite arbitrary but in Indo-European languages it is usually based on sex or animateness
tense - a grammatical category of verbs used to express distinctions of time
participant role, semantic role - (linguistics) the underlying relation that a constituent has with the main verb in a clause
category, class, family - a collection of things sharing a common attribute; "there are two classes of detergents"
References in periodicals archive ?
As Gumperz and Levinson note in their introduction to this part, such an extension of the Sapir-Whorf hypothesis implies a new view of linguistic relativity, one that goes beyond the lexical and grammatical categories traditionally considered in previous studies and includes indexicals as the possible locus of some forms of linguistic relativity, not previously considered by Sapir and Whorf in their writings.
Grammatical categories exist no matter what relation the items are in with other items in the sentence.
For Mayerthaler's system-independent principles, suppletion is indeed quite "unnatural" It always violates uniform encoding, at least as far as the stem is concerned, since the meaning of the lexical item is represented by a different form in each of the suppletive stems (Bittner 1988: 421), and--at least under one interpretation violation of morphotactic transparency is the other side of the same coin, since each stem gives us information about grammatical categories as well as lexical identity (cf.
These practices and preferences are divided into: attitude of teachers towards WCF, grammatical categories mostly focused for correction, WCF methods used by the teachers and professional knowledge of teachers about WCF.
The first part of the book asks whether traditional distinctions between grammatical categories noun and verb are discrete or scalar.
The problem of the diversity of grammatical categories within the generative framework is among the core issues of modern linguistic theory.
Whorf's thesis seems to call for the action of grammatical categories such that the raw material of sensation is formed into a coherent perceptual whole, both by past experiences and by the grammatical categories.
Thus, words are classified into different grammatical categories not only because "they are grammatically alike in the language system" (Reynolds, p.
The five subsections are as follows: dates, dialects, semantic fields, text types and grammatical categories.
The purpose of this analysis was to test whether the words-in-isolation strategy would equally favor all words from all grammatical categories, or whether, on the contrary, most words found in isolation belonged just to a specific grammatical category such as noun or verb.
An overview of phonetics and phonology is followed by detailed coverage of grammatical categories, phrase structure, clause structure.