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 (săn-hĕd′rĭn, -hē′drĭn, sän-)
The highest judicial and ecclesiastical council of the ancient Jewish nation, composed of from 70 to 72 members.

[Hebrew sanhedrîn, from Greek sunedrion, council, from sunedros, sitting in council : sun-, syn- + hedrā, seat; see sed- in Indo-European roots.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


1. (Judaism) the supreme judicial, ecclesiastical, and administrative council of the Jews in New Testament times, having 71 members
2. (Judaism) a similar tribunal of 23 members having less important functions and authority
[C16: from Late Hebrew, from Greek sunedrion council, from sun- syn- + hedra seat]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(sænˈhɛd rɪn, -ˈhi drɪn, sɑn-, ˈsæn ɪ drɪn)

also San•he•drim

(ˈsæn hɪ drɪm, ˈsæn ɪ-)

the supreme legislative council and ecclesiastical and secular tribunal of the ancient Jews, exercising authority until a.d. 70.
[1580–90; < late Hebrew Sanhedhrīn < Greek synédrion=syn- syn- + hédr(a) seat (compare cathedral) + -ion n. suffix]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Sanhedrin - the supreme judicial and ecclesiastical council of ancient Jerusalem
council - a body serving in an administrative capacity; "student council"
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.


[ˈsænɪdrɪn] nsinedrio
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995
References in periodicals archive ?
Here Simonsohn contends that their central role in Jewish life (and self-image as heirs to the Great Sanhedrin) notwithstanding, rabbinic centers of authority in Palestine and Babylonia competed among themselves, had limited resources, and lacked political power over their respective jurisdictions (reshuyot).
When the Rabbis imagined the Great Sanhedrin, the high court and the great judicial deliberative body, they regulated the court's deliberation such that the most junior members are given the right to speak first so that they would not be intimidated by the more senior members.
the majority opinion now appears to favor Buchler's view that there were [two] Sanhedrins: the Sanhedrin to which Josephus frequently refers was a political council with judicial functions, meeting under the presidency of the Hasmonean Priest-Kings and later of the High Priests; [the second one], the Great Sanhedrin of seventy or seventy-one members to which the Mishnah and the Talmud frequently refer was a separate council with primarily religious and legislative functions, though it had some rarely used judicial powers also, and unlike the other, survived the fall of the Temple in A.D.