Greece


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Greece

Greece

 (grēs)
A country of southeast Europe on the southern Balkan Peninsula and including numerous islands in the Mediterranean, Aegean, and Ionian Seas. Settled by Achaeans, Aeolians, Ionians, Minoans, and Dorians by 1000 bc, the region grew as an amalgam of independent city-states, many of which established colonies throughout the Mediterranean by the eighth century bc. Classical Greek culture, centered around Athens, reached a high point in the fifth century bc before being conquered by Philip II of Macedon in 338 bc. The area was later controlled by the Roman and Byzantine Empires before being absorbed into the Ottoman Empire after 1453. In 1829, Greece gained its independence and established a constitutional monarchy. The king was deposed following a military coup in 1967, and a democratic republic was established in 1975. Athens is the capital and the largest city.

Greece

(ɡriːs)
n
(Placename) a republic in SE Europe, occupying the S part of the Balkan Peninsula and many islands in the Ionian and Aegean Seas; site of two of Europe's earliest civilizations (the Minoan and Mycenaean); in the classical era divided into many small independent city-states, the most important being Athens and Sparta; part of the Roman and Byzantine Empires; passed under Turkish rule in the late Middle Ages; became an independent kingdom in 1827; taken over by a military junta (1967–74); the monarchy was abolished in 1973; became a republic in 1975; a member of the European Union. Official language: Greek. Official religion: Eastern (Greek) Orthodox. Currency: euro. Capital: Athens. Pop: 10 772 967 (2013 est). Area: 131 944 sq km (50 944 sq miles). Modern Greek name: Ellás

Greece

(gris)

n.
Ancient Greek, Hellas. Modern Greek, Ellas. a republic in S Europe at the S end of the Balkan Peninsula. 10,707,135; 50,147 sq. mi. (129,880 sq. km).Cap.: Athens.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Greece - a republic in southeastern Europe on the southern part of the Balkan peninsulaGreece - a republic in southeastern Europe on the southern part of the Balkan peninsula; known for grapes and olives and olive oil
Actium - the naval battle in which Antony and Cleopatra were defeated by Octavian's fleet under Agrippa in 31 BC
Chaeronea - a battle in which Philip II of Macedon defeated the Athenians and Thebans (338 BC) and also Sulla defeated Mithridates (86 BC)
Battle of Lepanto, Lepanto - Turkish sea power was destroyed in 1571 by a league of Christian nations organized by the Pope
battle of Leuctra, Leuctra - Thebes defeated Sparta in 371 BC; the battle ended Sparta's military supremacy in Greece
Mantinea, Mantineia - the site of three famous battles among Greek city-states: in 418 BC and 362 BC and 207 BC
battle of Marathon, Marathon - a battle in 490 BC in which the Athenians and their allies defeated the Persians
battle of Navarino, Navarino - a decisive naval battle in the War of Greek Independence (1827); the Turkish and Egyptian fleet was defeated by an allied fleet of British and French and Russian warships
battle of Pharsalus, Pharsalus - Caesar defeated Pompey in 48 BC
battle of Thermopylae, Thermopylae - a famous battle in 480 BC; a Greek army under Leonidas was annihilated by the Persians who were trying to conquer Greece
Balkan Wars - two wars (1912-1913) that were fought over the last of the European territories of the Ottoman Empire and that left the area around Constantinople (now Istanbul) as the only Ottoman territory in Europe
bay wreath, laurel wreath, laurel - (antiquity) a wreath of laurel foliage worn on the head as an emblem of victory
pantheon - (antiquity) a temple to all the gods
Wooden Horse, Trojan Horse - a large hollow wooden figure of a horse (filled with Greek soldiers) left by the Greeks outside Troy during the Trojan War
hybrid, loanblend, loan-blend - a word that is composed of parts from different languages (e.g., `monolingual' has a Greek prefix and a Latin root)
dithyramb - (ancient Greece) a passionate hymn (usually in honor of Dionysus)
Greek, Hellenic, Hellenic language - the Hellenic branch of the Indo-European family of languages
pean, paean - (ancient Greece) a hymn of praise (especially one sung in ancient Greece to invoke or thank a deity)
torch race - (ancient Greece) in which a torch is passed from one runner to the next
souvlaki, souvlakia - made of lamb
17 November, Revolutionary Organization 17 November - a Marxist-Leninist terrorist organization in Greece that is violently opposed to imperialism and capitalism and NATO and the United States; an active terrorist group during the 1980s
ELA, Revolutionary People's Struggle - an extreme leftist terrorist group formed in Greece in 1971 to oppose the military junta that ruled Greece from 1967 to 1974; a revolutionary group opposed to capitalism and imperialism and the United States
Common Market, EC, EEC, European Community, European Economic Community, European Union, EU, Europe - an international organization of European countries formed after World War II to reduce trade barriers and increase cooperation among its members; "he tried to take Britain into the Europen Union"
NATO, North Atlantic Treaty Organization - an international organization created in 1949 by the North Atlantic Treaty for purposes of collective security
Achaea - a region of ancient Greece on the north coast of the Peloponnese
Aegina, Aigina - an island in the Aegean Sea in the Saronic Gulf
Chios, Khios - an island in the Aegean Sea off the west coast of Turkey; belongs to Greece
Kikladhes, Cyclades - a group of over 200 islands in the southern Aegean
Dhodhekanisos, Dodecanese - a group of islands in the southeast Aegean Sea
Doris - a small region of ancient Greece where the Doric dialect was spoken
Lesbos, Lesvos, Mytilene - an island of eastern Greece in the eastern Aegean Sea; in antiquity it was famous for lyric poetry
Rodhos, Rhodes - a Greek island in the southeast Aegean Sea 10 miles off the Turkish coast; the largest of the Dodecanese; it was colonized before 1000 BC by Dorians from Argos; site of the Colossus of Rhodes
Crete, Kriti - the largest Greek island in the Mediterranean; site of the Minoan civilization that reached its peak in 1600 BC
Ithaki, Ithaca - a Greek island to the west of Greece; in Homeric legend Odysseus was its king
Athos, Mount Athos - an autonomous area in northeastern Greece that is the site of several Greek Orthodox monasteries founded in the tenth century
Athens, Athinai, capital of Greece, Greek capital - the capital and largest city of Greece; named after Athena (its patron goddess); "in the 5th century BC ancient Athens was the world's most powerful and civilized city"
2.Greece - ancient Greece; a country of city-states (especially Athens and Sparta) that reached its peak in the fifth century BCE
Balkan country, Balkan nation, Balkan state - any one of the countries on the Balkan Peninsula

Greece

noun
Related words
adjective Hellenic
Translations
Řecko
Grækenland
Kreeka
یونان
Kreikka
Grčka
Görögország
Yunani
ギリシャギリシア
그리스
Graecia
Grecia
Grčija
Grekland
ประเทศกรีซ
nước Hy Lạp

Greece

[griːs] NGrecia f

Greece

[ˈgriːs] nGrèce f
in Greece → en Grèce
to Greece → en Grèce

Greece

nGriechenland nt

Greece

[griːs] nGrecia

Greece

اليونان Řecko Grækenland Griechenland Ελλάδα Grecia Kreikka Grèce Grčka Grecia ギリシャ 그리스 Griekenland Hellas Grecja Grécia Греция Grekland ประเทศกรีซ Yunanistan nước Hy Lạp 希腊
References in classic literature ?
Athens, as we learn from Demosthenes, was the arbiter of Greece seventy-three years.
long before the Romans came to our little island, Greece became a Roman province.
I haven't been to Greece myself, and don't mean to go, and I can't imagine any of my friends going.
This would make his position more secure and durable, as it has made that of the Turk in Greece, who, notwithstanding all the other measures taken by him for holding that state, if he had not settled there, would not have been able to keep it.
On desperate seas long wont to roam, Thy hyacinth hair, thy classic face, Thy Naiad airs have brought me home To the glory that was Greece, And the grandeur that was Rome.
As he sailed off the coast of Greece, a violent tempest arose in which the ship was wrecked and he, his Monkey, and all the crew were obliged to swim for their lives.
we have determined with ourselves that Helen of Greece was the
The claim to Comedy is put forward by the Megarians,--not only by those of Greece proper, who allege that it originated under their democracy, but also by the Megarians of Sicily, for the poet Epicharmus, who is much earlier than Chionides and Magnes, belonged to that country.
In continental Greece (1), on the other hand, but especially in Boeotia, a new form of epic sprang up, which for the romance and PATHOS of the Ionian School substituted the practical and matter-of-fact.
after all, it is not imagined Greece, dreamy, antique Sicily, but the present world about us, though mistakable for a moment, delightfully, for the land, the age, of Sappho, of Theocritus:--
And the first states in Greece which succeeded those where kingly power was established, were governed by the military.
A similar superstition was once prevalent, as I have heard, in ancient Greece and Rome; not applying, however (as in India), to a diamond devoted to the service of a god, but to a semi-transparent stone of the inferior order of gems, supposed to be affected by the lunar influences--the moon, in this latter case also, giving the name by which the stone is still known to collectors in our own time.