Along the beach path that crosses over North Casey Key Road--so crowded originally with invasive Australian pines that the beach wasn't visible from the property--he built a walkover and lined it with beach daisies, sea grapes, green buttonwood
and bendy Sabal palms.
Adults for each experiment were maintained in 30-cm x 30-cm x 30-cm plexiglass cages prior to infestation (approximately 3-22 d) and provided a diet of water and green buttonwood leaves.
abbreviatus adults involved two other ornamental plant species grown in south Florida, green buttonwood and Surinam cherry, Eugenia uniflora L.
abbreviatus tended to congregate on tops and sides of pond apple screen cages and on stems; and they avoided leaves, unlike with mahogany in the present study or green buttonwood or Surinam cherry in a previous study (Martin 2009).
abbreviatus adults seemed to lay fewer egg clusters and live a shorter lifespan on pond apple than on mahogany in the present study or on green buttonwood or Surinam cherry in the previous study (Martin 2009), although there were no statistical comparisons among plant species.
he chose spartina, sea oats, flowering dune sunflower and purple-blossomed railroad vine, "really tough things that will grow in the sand," he says; and on the leeward side, green buttonwood
, gumbo limbo and mastic trees.
However, many plants including green buttonwood (Conocarpus erectus L.) and citrus are affected by both larval and adult feeding (Simpson et al.
Green buttonwood is a popular ornamental tree or shrub in southern Florida and is native to the tidal swamps of central and southern Florida (Watkins and Sheehan 1975; Wunderlin 1998).
abbreviatus larvae and their interactions on green buttonwood and Swingle citrumelo trees.
The experiment was conducted in fall 2008 in Homestead, Florida with green buttonwood and Swingle citrumelo plants in 11-liter plastic containers placed on ground cloth at an outdoor site exposed to full sun.
abbreviatus, including green buttonwood, Conocarpus erectus L.
abbreviatus infested green buttonwood trees in 4-L containers filled with either marl soil or potting medium in an outdoor, open site.