Griqua


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Griqua

(ˈɡriːkwə; ˈɡrɪk-) or

Grikwa

npl -qua, -quas, -kwa or -kwas
1. (Peoples) a member of a people of mixed European and Khoikhoi ancestry, living chiefly in Griqualand
2. (Languages) the language or dialect of Khoikhoi spoken by this people, belonging to the Khoisan family
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References in classic literature ?
But he can potter about and garden, being a Griqua by birth.
38) The MJC was joined by representatives of other religious traditions; among them were the Western Cape Christian Ministers' Association, the Western Cape Traditional Leaders and Cultural Council, the Khoisan Griqua Royal House, the Bahai Community of South Africa, the Tushita Kadampa Buddhist Centre, and the Hindu and Jewish communities.
On the northern Cape frontier, raiding appeared as an integral part of an economy in which Korana and Griqua 'middlemen' used cattle to establish captaincies central to trade networks between the Cape and the interior (Keegan 1996: 178; Legassick 2010 11969]: 111-2, 176; Penn 2005).
I was bom into the Griqua tribe of the Khoisan people and grew up on the ancestral lands of my people in the Northern Cape Province in South Africa, where I was exposed to numerous cultural practices as a child.
The Griqua people are descendants of Khoekhoe pastoralists, European settlers, San hunter-gatherers, formerly enslaved people from farms of the Cape Colony, and Bantu-speaking Africans, says Schweitzer, and since they emerged as a group during the 18th century, they have struggled for land and autonomy.
After successfully turning from subsistence to commercial pastoralism in the 1810s and 1820s as a result of market opportunities opened up by British occupation of the Cape Colony, the Griqua became as enthusiastic and deadly slaughterers of San as European colonists and effectively cleared the Transorangia region of hunter-gatherer bands.
The 'Coloured' group included people of Khoisan, Malaysian, Griqua, Indian, and Chinese origin (as cited in SADHS, 2007).
In the particular instance of Plaatje's personal formation this was the violent encounter between Barolong history and European history in adjacency to San history, Griqua history and Khoe history.
In 1873 the British made war against the Hlubi; and in 1877 against the Gcaleka and the Pedi; and against the Ngqika, Thembu, Pondo, Griqua, and Rolong in 1878.
We are trying to counsel them through this fear crisis," ABC News quoted said LEGBO Director Shaine Griqua, as saying.
Under the Population Registration Act (30 of 1950) as amended in 1959, the Coloured group was divided into subgroups consisting of Cape Coloured, Malay, Griqua, Chinese, Indian, Other Asiatic and Other Coloured (Erasmus 2007).