That has happened, though, with actual ground bursts
, particularly in a 1954 test around the Marshall Islands, where bad planning exposed downwind islands and their inhabitants to serious fallout from a ground burst
in our early testing.
All the stops were pulled for Joint Exercise Sentinel Warrior in terms of resources, such as specialized tactical vehicles, UH-60s from the Colorado National Guard, ground burst
simulators, and elite heavy weapons.
Your interview with Yvonne Morris was spot-on in that we were under an incredible amount of stress as the Titan and all of the support equipment demanded our constant attention, as well as we guessed the Soviets had two SS-20s targeted against us on a ground burst
. If that wasn't enough, we were constantly scrutinized and tested, and forgiveness was not "SAC policy."
Areas had been set up around the base for the use of Ground Burst
Various studies have suggested that the minimum mass to produce such global consequences is several tens of billions of tons, resulting in a ground burst
explosion with energy in the vicinity of one million megatons of TNT.
My job was pretty simple: observe the base's emergency response to the Munitions Storage Area (MSA) and help the Exercise Evaluation Team (EET) activate three Ground Burst
Simulators (GBS) to simulate 1.1 explosives going off.
Be it enemy troop movements or the effectiveness of ground burst
munitions on a column of tanks, intelligence experts have to give wartime commanders an idea of what might happen.
A 1964 study concluded: "The number of deaths resulting from a heavy nuclear attack with with ground burst
bombs, mainly in the central belt of Scotland, would be so great that normal interment would not be a practical proposition."
because the pipes at his old Firhill stomping ground burst
"Fireworks" means any commercially available device that is has a fuse or other method of ignition and produces sparks, smoke, air or ground bursts
, or other explosive-like effect designed to bring delight and joy to those who see it.
As we were in shallow "shell-scrapes" the ground bursts
were no big problem, but we were partly under trees, and the sensitive fuses on the mortar bombs detonated on contact with the boughs, creating dangerous "air-bursts."
Anthony Cordesman of Washington's Centre for Strategic and International Studies, in an assessment presented to the US Senate Foreign Relations Committee in July, warned that if Iraq delivered lethal biological agents against an Israeli city, "Israel would probably massively retaliate with nuclear ground bursts
against every Iraqi city not already occupied by US-led coalition forces".