Also found in: Thesaurus, Acronyms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
An overseas department of France comprising the islands of Grande-Terre and Basse-Terre and smaller islands in the Leeward Islands of the West Indies. Inhabited by Arawaks and later by Caribs (15th century), the islands were colonized by the French in 1635. Basse-Terre is the capital.
(Placename) an overseas region of France in the E Caribbean, in the Leeward Islands, formed by the islands of Basse-Terre and Grande-Terre and several offlying islands; in 2007 the island of Saint-Barthélemy and the part-island dependency of Saint-Martin were separated from Guadeloupe to become Overseas Collectivities directly subordinate to France. Capital: Basse-Terre. Pop: 405 500 (2007 est). Area: 1780 sq km (687 sq miles)