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Guelphism, Guelfism

the principles and practices of the papal and popular party in medieval Italy. Cf. Ghibellinism. — Guelphic, Guelfic, adj.
See also: Politics
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Guelfism, at least, still provided a suitable ideological framework for some political actors: Jacopo Piccinino and the bracceschi ended up as Guelfs because they fought for particular liberties and supported the Angevin claim to the Kingdom of Naples against the Ghibelline entente between the Sforza and the Aragonese kings backed by the Medici and by popes such as Pius II.
while the white shields emblazoned with crosses on the right were the standard symbol of Florentine Guelfism. The prostrate woman embracing the cross was not only the repentant Magdalene, but also Florence, the bet/a donna of Florentine poetry, painting, and prophecy, whose repentance was the first condition of the fulfillment of God's promise.
If they developed a new view of the founding of the city, they retained the notion that Florence, as the daughter of Rome, had a special heritage; and if they no longer saw Florence as the dutiful servant of Papalist Guelfism, they incorporated into their new view of the city as the champion of republican liberty certain features of the old Guelf ideology -- its moralism and its sense of special civic destiny."