The study is the first to examine how Gulf War
illnesses affect veterans' vestibular systems, which are integral for balance, memory and brain blood flow.
"The most significant finding in this review paper is that we have confirmed that Gulf War
Illness is a real disorder caused by chemical exposures that veterans experienced during the war, including pesticides and pyridostigmine bromide (PB) anti-nerve gas pills and possibly also sarin nerve gas exposure," said Dr.
Presented at the Annual Meeting, the research is based on data from the Millennium Cohort Study, which includes more than 9,000 Gulf War
veterans and more than 36,000 non-deployed service members from the same era, known in the study as era veterans.
Researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine, recruited 46 Gulf War
veterans for a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study.
veterans who served in the 1990-1991 Gulf War
than in other veterans, the committee said.
Texas University's Dr Bart Rypma said 250,000 troops, or 25% of those in the first Gulf War
, were diagnosed with Gulf War
Robert Haley at the University of Texas have identified parts of the brain damaged by various Gulf War
A total of 47 UK troops died in the campaign but campaigners said 9.700 of the 53,000 British Armed Forces personnel involved now suffered from Gulf War
Some 20 years after the start of the war, the Ministry of Defence (MoD) still refuses to recognise Gulf War
Syndrome as a medical condition, the group said.
About 697,000 men and women served in operations Desert Shield and Desert Storm from August 1990 to June 1991 during the Gulf War
. In the years since they returned, nearly a quarter of them have experienced chronic symptoms such as fatigue, weakness, gastrointestinal problems, cognitive dysfunction, sleep disturbances, persistent headaches, skin rashes, respiratory conditions, and mood changes.
The report, which was sponsored by the Department of Veterans Affairs, builds on the work of an earlier IOM committee that examined the overall health effects of serving in the Gulf War
Those left ill from the 1990-1991 conflict must seek compensation for each individual symptom because the Ministry of Defence refuses to recognise "Gulf War
Syndrome" as a medical condition, the National Gulf Veterans and Families Association said.