Gullah-Geechees at the enstoolment to be more than a coincidence since Nana Tubman's role as a Union spy had been instrumental in freeing hundreds of Gullahs
in South Carolina during the Combahee River Raid of 1863.
and Charleston or Georgia Geechees--while the product of a vast Atlantic World encounter that created a common culture of the languages, ethnicities, and lifeways of three continents--are in the twenty-first century understood as the exact polar opposite of what James Clifford referred to as a "traveling culture" (17-46).
My curiosity about Gullah
culture spiked in 1991 when South Carolina Educational Television, the state's PBS affiliate, produced Family Across the Sea, a highly acclaimed documentary on the links between the Gullahs
and the small West African nation of Sierra Leone.
In research for the US Embassy in Freetown, Opala writes that: "The Gullahs
' ancestors were, after all, coming from many different ethnic groups in Africa.
On the islands, you are likely to meet Gullahs
, descendants of slaves who speak a mix of English and African languages after years of isolation.
(21.) In "Gullah
Attitudes toward Life and Death," Margaret Creel argues that "Gullahs
attached a tremendous significance to death, but there was little evidence of apprehension at the prospect of dying.
Peterkin became a specialist in the life and strange language of the Gullahs
of her home state of South Carolina and regions farther south.
(1st Circle): Traditional Gullahs
are the modern descendants of the historic Gullah
people who have remained in the low country region to the present day and continue with their traditional Gullah
language and culture to one extent or another.
The dominant historical perspective on people such as the Gullahs
, inhabitants of the Sea Islands of Georgia and South Carolina who are descended from enslaved Africans, has been that they are backward and uncultured, marginal people both figuratively and literally.
In order to get the feel of the background, he lived for several weeks in a shack on the Charleston waterfront and sought in particular to absorb the music of the Gullahs
. The opera Porgy and Bess opened in 1935 and has since been recognized as an American classic.
(13.)Deeply wooded areas are thought by the Gullahs
to be sacred because the spirits of the ancestors reside there (Jones-Jackson 27).
Hopefully, for teachers who are just beginning their careers in areas of the United States where different languages are spoken and even written, a greater understanding of the Gullah
language will be enhanced with the Gullah