Gurdjieff

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Gur·djieff

 (gûr′jē-ĕf, -jĭf), George Ivanovich 1874?-1949.
Armenian-born spiritual leader. Following a period of extensive travel in the Middle East and Asia, he founded (1919) the Institute for the Harmonious Development of Man.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

Gurdjieff

(ˈɡɛːdjɛf)
n
(Biography) Georgei Ivanovitch (ˈdʒɔːdʒɪ ɪˈvanəˌvitʃ). ?1877–1949, Russian mystic: founded a teaching centre in Paris (1922)
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014