Atyrau

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A·ty·rau

or A·ti·rau  (ä′tē-rou′)
A city of western Kazakhstan at the mouth of the Ural River on the Caspian Sea. Founded in 1645 as a military outpost, it was a fishing port until the development of the region's petroleum resources in the 1930s. The city was named Guryev until 1992.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
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In the Opera nomination, the First Prize went to Gury Guriev (Russia), the Second Prize - Daria Rossitskaya (Russia), the Third Prize - Ivan Sherbatikh (Germany) and Agilbek Piyazov(Uzbekistan).
In January 2019, DNE reported that Egypt's annual 2% population growth needs about 5% or 6% of the GDP growth to make tangible increases in living standards, Chief Economist at the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD), Sergei Guriev, said.
Algan, Yann; Guriev, Sergei; Papaioannou, Elias and Passari, Evgenia.
(11) New authoritarian regimes are based on populist sentiments, elite economic interests, and control over the flow of political information (see Guriev & Triesman, 2015; Krastev, 2011; Somer, 2016).
We would like to thank Erik Berglof, Werner Bonte, Ralph de Haas, Sergei Guriev, Jacques Mairesse, Alexander Plekhanov, Alessandro Sterlacchini, John Van Reenen and Adalbert Winkler for helpful discussions as well as the participants at the 8th MEIDE conference, the 6th Asia-Pacific Innovation conference, UCL SSEES "Achievements and Challenges for the Emerging Economies of Central Europe" Economics and Business Conference, and seminars at the EBRD, KOFF, OECD, SSB Norway, Universite de Lille, Universidad de Navarra, Bergische Universitat Wuppertal and University of Piacenza for their comments and suggestions.
This logic is consistent with the idea that authoritarian regimes encourage a certain degree of freedom of speech to provide incentives to spur local bureaucrats, reduce corruption, and guide public opinions (Egorov, Guriev, and Sonin 2009; Lorentzen 2014); it explains why some critiques of the state remain uncensored.
These groups have arisen due to market failures, such as the lack of financial market development, lack of justice, economic instability, relations between groups and certain economic agents (Fishan, 2001, Khanna, 2005, Guriev & Rachinsky, 2005; Deseatnicov & Akiba, 2016).
Desde otra perspectiva, las grandes redes de empresas forman relaciones con los aparatos estatales y funcionarios con posiciones clave dentro de los gobiernos, con el fin de obtener un trato preferencial y diversos privilegios, como subsidios y concesiones publicas (Fisman, 2001; Guriev y Rachinski, 2005; Khanna y Yafeh, 2007).
As mentioned in Breen and Gillanders (2012), several researchers such as Banerjee (1997), Guriev (2004), and Freund and Bolaky (2008) find that factors such as poor institutions and associated corruption decrease the functioning of the government in the trading countries.
(3.) Yann Algan, Sergei Guriev, et al., "The European Trust Crisis and the Rise of Populism," Brookings, (September 7, 2017), retrieved May 21, 2018, from https://www.brookings.edu/bpea-articles/the-european-trust-crisis-and-the-rise-of-populism/.