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n.1.See Gynecocracy.
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary, published 1913 by G. & C. Merriam Co.
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Bachofen's theory of gyneocracy and mother-right in this context to underscore the point that kinship and domestic modes of production fall at the lower end of social, political, and cultural development and that the apex of civilization, represented implicitly by nineteenth-century European and Euro-American society, is, in its fullest formation, not only capitalist but also patriarchal with patrilineal lines of descent and inheritance dominating (see Bachofen).
Having found it in one stock as well developed as the Iroquois, a presumption of its universality in the Indian family at once arises, because it was a law of their condition.[...] In these households, formed on the principle of kin, was laid the foundation for that "mother power" which was even more conspicuous in the tribes of the Old World, and which Professor Bachofen was the first to discuss under the name of gyneocracy and mother-right.
In Chapter IV, Book II, by employing the Greek terms "Menads" and "Amazons," Carlyle is referring to the gynophobia of the Athenians, evident in the politics of Aristotle in which he defined "gyneocracy" as women being out of control or transgressing their social restraint (Keuls 32).