Only 3 patients who died were induced by a single implicated herb, such as Fructus psoraleae, Gynura
segetum, and Radix polygoni multiflora.
Osborne (1986) reported that a 60 s dipping of Mavrik Aquaflow[R] at the manufacturer's recommended rate consistently reduced Phenacoccus solani Ferris (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) populations by at least 80% on longevity spinach, Gynura
procumbens (Lour.) Merrill (Asteraceae).
These include Andrographis paniculata and Gynura
procumbens ethanolic extracts  and garlic and metformin .
Rutin in the polyherbal formulation of Azadirachta indica and Gynura
procumbens ethanolic extracts was standardized by TLC-densitometry 41.
Sudi et al., "Anti-malarial and anti-inflammatory effects of gynura
procumbens are mediated by kaempferol via inhibition of glycogen synthase kinase-3[beta] (GSK3[beta])," Sains Malaysiana, vol.
Five different plant species Chromolaena odorata, Gynura
pseudochina, Conyza sumatrensis, Nicotiana tabacum and Crassocephalum crepidioides developed and out of these except Chromolaena odorata, all other four species successful in removing Cd from the soil of agricultural fields .
adianthifolia are mixed with those of Gynura
Galvez-Tan also extols ashitaba but points out that what many people are currently growing in their gardens is not the real thing, but is Gynura
Clarke 4 Gynura
bicolor (Roxburgh ex Willdenow) Candolle G.
Chen, "Study on essential oil components in stem and leaf of Gynura
Bicolor DC," Journal of Guizhou University of Technology, vol.
Dicaffeoylquinic acids (diCQAs) as isochlorogenic acid, being natural phenolic compounds, are widely distributed in plants such as Gynura
 and coffee bean .
Asmawi, "Toxicology evaluation of standardized methanol extract of Gynura
procumbens," Journal of Ethnopharmacology, vol.