sulfuric acid

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sulfuric acid

n.
A highly corrosive, dense, oily liquid, H2SO4, colorless to dark brown depending on its purity and used to manufacture a wide variety of chemicals and materials including fertilizers, paints, detergents, and explosives. Also called oil of vitriol, vitriol.

sulfu′ric ac′id



n.
a clear, colorless to brownish, dense, oily, corrosive, water-miscible liquid, H2SO4, used chiefly in the manufacture of fertilizers, chemicals, explosives, and dyestuffs and in petroleum refining. Also called oil of vitriol.
[1780–90]

sul·fu·ric acid

(sŭl-fyo͝or′ĭk)
A strong corrosive acid, H2SO4. It combines very easily with water, making it a good drying agent, and is the most widely used acid in industry.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.sulfuric acid - (H2SO4) a highly corrosive acid made from sulfur dioxide; widely used in the chemical industry
acid - any of various water-soluble compounds having a sour taste and capable of turning litmus red and reacting with a base to form a salt
atomic number 16, sulfur, sulphur, S - an abundant tasteless odorless multivalent nonmetallic element; best known in yellow crystals; occurs in many sulphide and sulphate minerals and even in native form (especially in volcanic regions)
battery acid, electrolyte acid - dilute sulfuric acid used in storage batteries
Translations
kyselina sírová
rikkihappo
硫酸
sērskābe
zwavelzuur
kwas siarkowy
kyselina sírová
svavelsyra
sülfürik asit
References in periodicals archive ?
The reaction taking place in (3) is rather slow and, as a matter of fact Fe2 O3 (magnetite) is not soluble in HCl and H2SO4. But still, it is washed away with the other oxides as it is partly converted to Fe2O3 from H2 which is generated from reaction shown in (4).
While with H2SO4 catalyzed conditions, both mono and dibromo products were obtained.
To study kinetics, leaching experiments were performed with solution of 400 ml of different acid concentrations 0.1, 0.5, 1 and 1.5 M H2SO4 concentration.
fiber specimen show brilliant resistance to acid and sulphate attack and suffered less than 2% weight loss when uncovered to 3% H2SO4 solution for 6 months.
The mixtures were filtered and metal ions adsorbed were desorbed by shaking with 5 mL of 2 M H2SO4 solution before being analyzed after dilution by ICP-OES.
In this process, the methanol to sample ratio, reaction time and temperature were varied from 8:1 to 12:1, 30-60 minutes and 60 [degrees]C to 70 [degrees]C respectively while the catalyst loading was kept constant at 12v/v% H2SO4 (Fig.1 (a) & (b)).
Method 8 utilizes the principle of selective solvent absorption (SSA) to capture sulfur trioxide (SO3) and H2SO4 in an isopropyl alcohol (IPA) solution.
An acid dealer in Khost City, Rahimullah Gurbaz, said he sold sulfuric acid (H2SO4) which could not be used in explosives.
Jules Jewels Charlie was a chemist, but Charlie is no more, what Charlie thought was H2O was H2sO4.
In the first bottle roll test a 1kg sub-set of the composite sample was treated with H2SO4 to give an approximate pH of 1 and rolled for 48 hours resulting in a 95.5% extraction with an acid consumption of only 5.6kg/t.
HCl has proved to be the most corrosive among the common acids, excluding HF, while H2SO4 and HNO3 have little action on most glasses.